For the good management of all stables, a certain routine and discipline are necessary, and these must be rigorously carried out; without them, the stable will neither be clean, healthy, nor comfortable, and the horses will be in an unsatisfactory condition. If the proprietor cannot himself superintend the management of his stables, that duty should be confided to a trustworthy and experienced man, who will not only make the other men perform their work in a proper and regular manner, but will be capable of estimating the fitness of the horses for their individual labour, understand their disposition and peculiarities, their different appetites, and everything pertaining to feeding and grooming, exercise, ventilation, etc., as well as ensuring safety, and prevention of waste.
The system of routine of stables must be governed by circumstances, but regularity and punctuality in whatever has to be done should be rigidly enforced. Neatness and cleanliness are sure indications of good management.
The morning stable hour will depend upon the season of the year, the nature of the work, and other matters. If the stable be close, the first thing to be done is to allow the escape of hot foul air, and the admission of fresh air; then a glance round the horses to see they are all right. Having been watered and fed, the stalls in the stable are cleaned out, the litter being attended to as before directed; the feed having been consumed, the horses are taken out for exercise, or if they must go to work, they are cleaned and harnessed. After exercise or work, when the horses return to stable, grooming is again performed, and the horses are bedded down. Before leaving horses for the night, if they are in stalls, the head-stalls should be carefully examined to see they fit the head properly and are secure; also that the head collar rope or chain is not too long, but just sufficient to allow the head to rest on the ground when the horse is lying down. If corn bins are kept in the stable they should be carefully fastened, so that should a horse chance to get loose he may not be able to have access to the oats, Forks and other sharp instruments should not be kept within the stables; indeed, instead of sharp-pointed forks for the litter, it is much safer to have those with quite blunt points.