Esox Saurus, Rackett in Linn. Trans, vol. vii. p. 60. tab. 5. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 105. Neill in Wern. Mem. vol. i. p. 541. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. v. pl. 116. Lacertus vel Saurus, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 232. Scomberesox Saurus, Mem. Brit. An. p. 184. Skipper (Cornubiensium), Ray, Syn. Pise. p. 165. Saury, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 325. pl. 64. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 424. pl. 75. Saury Pike, Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. i. p. 394.


From fifteen to eighteen inches. Neill. Descript. {Form). 'Body long and slender, agreeing precisely with that of the common Gar-Fish: snout subulate, fine, toothless, and slightly dd2 curving upwards: jaws of unequal length, the lower longest, and bending upwards at the tip: body smooth; the scales with which it is covered being thin and glabrous: the lower part of the body from the gills to the tail marked witli a longitudinal carina or keel, which terminates at the latter part in a somewhat protuberant manner: all the fins small: the dorsal placed far down the back, and containing eleven rays: between this and the tail five distinct pinnules or spurious fins: pectorals somewhat falcated, containing eleven rays: ventrals with six rays: anal opposite to the dorsal, of eleven rays: between this and the tail seven distinct pinnules: caudal of twenty-two rays.

D. 11, and V false; A. 11, and VII false; C. 22; P. 11; V. 6.

(Colours). Back of a most lovely azure blue, changing to green, and • glossed with purple and yellow; the lower parts silvery." Don.

Rare on the southern coast, but, according to Mr. Neill, not uncommon in the North of Scotland, entering the Frith of Forth almost every Autumn in considerable shoals. Mr. Rackett's specimen was taken near the Isle of Portland in Dorsetshire. This species derives its English name of Skipper from its habit of leaping out of the water, and passing over a considerable space (Mr. Couch says thirty or forty feet) before returning to that element. It is not noticed either by Linnseus, Gmelin, or Bloch.