General plumage reddish orange, spotted on the back and scapulars with dusky brown.

P. Enucleator, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. I. p. 333. Pine Grosbeak, Mont. Orn. Diet. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 161. Pine Bullfinch, Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 334. pl. 53*. f. 1, 2.


Entire length seven inches four or five lines. Temm.


(Adult male). Head, throat, neck, and under parts, fine reddish orange, inclining to yellowish orange on the breast and belly: the feathers on the back, scapulars, and rump, deep brown, broadly bordered with yellowish orange: wings and tail black; the former with two transverse white bars: secondaries edged with white; primaries and tail-feathers, with orange. (Young male). Head, neck, throat, breast, and rump, bright crimson; feathers on the back and scapulars broadly bordered with the same colour: the transverse bars on the wings, and the edging of the secondary quills, likewise crimson: flanks, belly, and vent, cinereous, tinged with red. (Female). Head, nape, and rump, yellowish brown, more or less inclining to orange: back and scapulars cinereous brown: under parts ash-gray very faintly tinged with yellowish orange: the transverse bars on the wings grayish white, and not so broad as in the other sex; quills edged with greenish orange. (Egg). White: long, diam. one inch one line; trans, diam. ten lines.

An occasional visitant in the northern districts of Scotland, but very rare. According to Messrs. C. & J. Paget (Nat. Hist, of Yarm. p. 6). a flight was once observed near Yarmouth. Partial to pine-forests.. Food seeds and berries. Breeds within the Arctic Circle. Nest placed in trees, not far from the ground, formed of twigs and sticks, and lined with feathers. Eggs four in number.