Base of the bill, crown, throat, wings and tail, black: cheeks, and under parts, red.

P. vulgaris, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. I. p. 338. Bullfinch, Mont. Orn. Diet. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 165. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 336. pl. 54. f. 1. & 1*.


Entire length six inches four lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) four lines and a half, (from the gape) five lines; of the tarsus nine lines; of the tail two inches six lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing three inches two lines: breadth, wings extended, nine inches nine lines.


(Male). Crown and occiput, base of the bill, throat, wings, and tail, velvet black tinged with purple: nape and back bluish ash: cheeks, sides and under part of the neck, breast, belly, and flanks, bright tile-red: rump, vent, and under tail-coverts, white: greater wing-coverts tipped with grayish white, shewing a transverse bar across the wing: bill and feet dusky brown. (Female). Upper parts bluish ash, with a tinge of yellowish brown: under parts reddish brown: less white on the rump. (Egg). Pale blue, speckled and streaked with purplish gray and dark purple: long. diam. nine lines and a half; trans, diam. seven lines.

Common in most parts of the country. Frequents woods, gardens, and orchards. Food seeds and the buds of trees. Nest generally placed in thick bushes; composed of dry twigs, and lined with fibrous roots. Eggs four or five; hatched towards the end of May.