Lower jaw longest: lateral line straight, and white: caudal deeply forked.

M. Carbonarius, Flem. Brit. An. p. 195. Gadus Carbonarius, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. i. p. 438. Bloch, Ichth. pl. 66. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. i. pl. 13. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 91. Asellus niger, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 168. tab. L. m. 1. n. 3. Coal-Fish, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 186. pl. 31. no. 78. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 250. pl. 35. Merlan noir, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 332.


Two to three feet.


(Form). Resembling the last species, but more elongated; greatest depth about one-fifth of the entire length: head a little shorter: profile rather more convex: lower jaw not projecting so far beyond the upper: lateral line perfectly straight throughout its whole course: dorsal and anal fins much as in the Pollack: ventrals rather longer than in that species: caudal more deeply forked: number of fin-rays,

D. 14 - 19 - 22; A. 26 - 24; C. 31, etc.; P. 21; V. 6.

{Colours). Head, back, upper part of the sides, and dorsal fins, brown, dusky, or deep black; varying in different specimens: lateral line, belly, ventral and anal fins, whitish. According to Pennant, the dark colour of the back and sides deepens with age.

Equally common with the last species, but taken in most abundance on the northern coasts of the Island. Said by Pennant to swarm about the Orkneys, where the young are much used by the poor as an article of food. Is called in Cornwall a Rauning Pollack.