The entire plumage chestnut-brown, variegated with black: tail of sixteen feathers; the six outer ones on each side dusky.

T. Scoticus, Temm. Man. dOrn. torn. II. p. 465. Red Grous, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 427. pl. 59. f. 1. Bern. Brit. Birds, vol. i. p. 341.


Entire length sixteen inches: length of the bill (from the forehead) nine lines and a half, (from the gape) eleven lines; of the tarsus one inch five lines; of the tail four inches; from the carpus to the end of the wing eight inches three lines.


(Male). The whole plumage of a deep chestnut-brown, nearly plain on the head and neck, but marked on the back and wing-coverts with black spots of different sizes, and beneath the body with numerous undulating black lines: orbits, and a small patch at the base of the lower mandible, white: naked space above the eyes fringed, of a bright scarlet colour: frequently some of the feathers on the abdomen tipped with white: tail of sixteen feathers; the four middle ones reddish brown, with transverse black lines; the rest of a uniform dusky brown: bill black, half concealed by the nasal feathers: irides chestnut-brown: tarsi and toes thickly clothed with grayish white feathers; claws light horn-colour. (Female). Colours not so dark as in the male; the brown varied with reddish yellow, and marked with a greater number of black spots and lines: naked space above the eyes less conspicuous. (Egg). Reddish white, nearly covered with blotches and spots of umber-brown: long. diam. one inch nine lines; trans, diam. one inch three lines.

Peculiar to the British Islands. Found plentifully in Scotland, as well as in some of the mountainous parts of England and Wales. Frequents moors, heaths, and extensive uncultivated wastes: never resorts to woods. Feeds on berries, and the tender tops of heaths. Is monogamous, and pairs in January. Commences laying in March or April. Eggs eight to twelve in number, deposited on the ground.