Throat-feathers not elongated: the general plumage violet-black, with a white bar on the wings: tail very much forked; the lateral feathers bending outwards.

T. Tetrix, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. II. p. 460. Id. Pig. et Gall. torn. in. pp. 140, & 699. Black Grous, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 423. pis. 58, & 58*. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 338.


Entire length twenty-three inches: breadth, wings extended, three feet.


(Male). Head, neck, breast, back, and rump, black, with purple and blue reflections: eyebrows naked, vermilion-red; beneath the eye a white spot: abdomen, wing-coverts, and tail, deep black, secondary quills tipped with white, forming, with the adjacent coverts, a broad bar of that colour across each wing: under tail-coverts pure white: the lateral feathers of the tail much longer than the middle ones, curling outwards: tarsi clothed with blackish gray hair-like feathers: bill black: irides bluish. (Female). Smaller; general colour of the upper plumage ferruginous yellow, barred and mottled with black: greater wing-coverts tipped with white: breast orange-brown, with black bars: belly dusky brown, with whitish and red bars: tail very slightly forked, variegated with ferruginous and black; the tip grayish white. The young of the year, till after the first moult, resemble the adult female. (Egg). Yellowish white, spotted and speckled with orange-brown: long. diam. two inches; trans, diam. one inch five lines.

Most abundant in Scotland, and the northern parts of England. Occurs more or less sparingly in some parts of North Wales, as well as in the counties of Stafford, Somerset, Devon, Sussex, and Hants. Partial to woody, heathy, and mountainous situations. Feeds on berries, and on. the tops of heath and birch. Is polygamous. Nest placed on the ground, generally under the shelter of a low bush, composed of a few dried stems of grass. Eggs from six to ten in number, laid in May. Obs. The Hybrid Bird figured in White's Nat. Hist, of Selborne, is probably a young male of this species, having nearly completed the first moult.

(2. Lagopus, Vieill).