Upper parts deep brown, spotted with white: all the tail-feathers barred with brown and white; the two outer feathers on each side with the inner web entirely white: bill and legs greenish.
T. Glareola, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 11. p. 654. Wood Sandpiper, Mont. Orn. Diet, & Supp. with Jig. Selb. Must. vol. 11. p. 77. pl. 16. f. 3. Long-legged Sandpiper, Mont. Orn. Diet. Supp. App.
Entire length nine inches: length of the bill not quite one inch three lines. Mont.
(Winter plumage). Between the bill and the eye a dusky streak, above which is a broader one of white continued over the eye: forehead, crown, back, and wings, deep brown; the edges of the feathers on the back, scapulars, and wing-coverts, marked with white and grayish white spots: ear-coverts dusky; cheeks, nape, fore-neck, and breast, dirty white, irregularly variegated with spots and streaks of cinereous brown; flanks with transverse undulating bars of the same colour: throat, middle of the abdomen, upper and under tail-coverts, pure white; some of the tail-coverts with fine dusky streaks on the shafts of the feathers: tail with alternate black and white bars, narrower and more numerous than in the last species; the two outer feathers with their inner webs pure white: legs greenish; much longer than in the T. Ochropus, with a greater portion of the tibia naked: bill black, towards the base greenish. (Summer plumage). " Crown of the head, and nape, streaked longitudinally with brown and whitish; cheeks, fore part of the neck, breast, and flanks, nearly pure white, streaked longitudinally with deep brown: all the feathers of the back with a very large black spot in the centre, and with two whitish spots on each side of the webs; scapulars, when raised, appearing barred with broad dusky bands: the rest as in winter." Temm. (Young of the year). "All the deep brown part of the plumage covered with small, closely approximating, red spots: the whole of the breast waved with cinereous, with irregular brown spots: legs, and base of the bill, dirty yellowish green: tail-feathers irregularly barred." Temm. (Egg). Reddish white; the larger end nearly covered with dark red brown: long. diam. one inch five lines; trans, diam. one inch one line. First noticed as British by Montagu, who has accurately pointed out the distinctions between this and the last species. The individual described by him was shot on the coast of South Devon early in August. He mentions another which was shot at Woolwich, at the same period of the year. Since his time individuals have been killed in the counties of Durham, Northumberland, Norfolk, and Cambridge. The species, however, must be considered as a rare and accidental visitant in this country. Common on many parts of the Continent. Breeds, according to Tem-minck, within the arctic circle. Constructs its nest in marshes, and lays four eggs. Food, insects and worms.
Man. d'Orn. torn. II. p. 656. Wils. Amer. Orn. vol. vn. p. 60. pl. 59. f. 1. Spotted Sandpiper, Mont. Orn. Diet. & Supp. Selb. Illust. vol. II. p. 84. pl. 17. Spotted Tringa, Edw. Glean, pl. 277.
There is no well-authenticated instance in which this species has occurred in Great Britain, although by all our authors it has been included in the British lists. The bird shot in Essex described by Edwards, and supposed by him to be the same as his Spotted Tringa from America, is evidently nothing more (as Mr Selby has suggested) than the common Totanus Hypoleucos. The same may be said of the Spotted Sandpiper of Bewick. (Brit. Birds, vol. 11. p. 97). The true T. macularia is abundant in the United States, where it represents the Common Sandpiper of this country. Nevertheless, as (according to Temminck) it has certainly been killed in two or three instances on the Continent, it is still possible that it may occasionally occur in this country.