Neck and breast mottled with black and pale ferruginous; belly and abdomen pure unspotted white: tail of fourteen feathers.
S. Gallinago, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 11. p. 676. Common Snipe, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol.11, p. 121. pl. 23. f. 3. Snipe, Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 11. p. 50.
Entire length eleven inches five lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) two inches ten lines and a half, (from the gape) two inches ten lines; of the tarsus one inch two lines; of the tail two inches three lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing five inches four lines: breadth, wings extended, seventeen inches five lines.
Upper parts very similar to those of the last species: crown black, divided by a yellowish white line; a similar streak from the base of the upper mandible over each eye; between the bill and the eye a dusky line: back and scapulars velvet-black, with transverse bars of chestnut-brown, and longitudinal streaks of ochre-yellow; wing-coverts dusky brown, edged with reddish white; quills black: chin and throat white; cheeks, neck, and upper part of the breast, mottled with black and pale ferruginous brown; flanks with white and dusky transverse bars; lower part of the breast, belly and abdomen, pure white without spots: tail of fourteen feathers, black for two-thirds of its length from the base, the remaining portion reddish brown, with black bars, the tip reddish white: bill brown, paler at the base: legs dusky gray, tinged with green. (Egg). Pale yellowish white; the larger end spotted with three shades of brown: long. diam. one inch six lines; trans, diam. one inch one line.
A common inhabitant of marshes and low meadows throughout the kingdom. Is generally considered as migratory, appearing early in the Autumn and departing in the Spring. In certain districts, however, many remain annually through the breeding season. Nest placed on the ground, concealed amongst rushes and coarse grass. Eggs four or five in number. Food, worms, insects, etc.