All the under parts spotted and barred with black: tail of sixteen feathers.
S. major, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 11. p. 675. Great Snipe, Mont. Orn. Diet, & Supp. Selb. Illust. vol. 11. p. 115. pl. 23. f. 2. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 11. p. 415.
Entire length twelve inches six lines: length of the bill two inches nine lines: breadth, wings extended, nineteen inches.
Crown of the head black, divided in the middle by a longitudinal streak of yellowish white; between the bill and the eye a dusky brown streak: cheeks, eyelids, and throat, yellowish white, speckled with brown: hind part of the neck pale yellowish brown, spotted with black: back and scapulars variegated with black and chestnut-brown, many of the feathers edged on their outer webs with yellowish white; greater coverts tipped with white: under parts white, tinged with yellowish brown, spotted and barred all over with blackish brown: quills dusky: tail of sixteen feathers, black for two-thirds of its length from the base, the remaining portion bright chestnut with black bars, the tip yellowish white: bill pale brown, inclining to fiesh-colour at the base: legs greenish gray. (Egg). Yellow olive-brown, spotted with two shades of reddish brown: long. diam. one inch nine lines; trans, diam. one inch two lines.
A rare and only occasional visitant in this country. Inhabits extensive marshes in the North of Europe. Nest said to be placed in such situations, amongst rushes and other herbage. Eggs three or four in number. Food, worms, insects, and small shells.