Plumage brown; with spots of a darker tint in the immature state: tail not extending beyond the wings: all the phalanges of the toes scaled.

Falco Albicilla, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. i. p. 49. Cinereous Eagle, Mont. Orn.. Diet, and Supp. Selb. Illust. vol. i. p. 18. pls. 3, and 3*. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. i. p. 9.


Entire length two feet four to ten inches.


(Adult). Head, and upper part of the neck, brownish ash: rest of the plumage on the body, including the wings, brown clouded with cinereous: tail white: bill whitish: cere and feet pale yellow. (Young). Head and neck deep brown,with the tips of the feathers somewhat paler: upper parts in general reddish brown, each feather being pale at the root and dark along the shaft: quills dusky: under parts brown, with deeper coloured spots, and here and there a few white feathers: tail whitish at the base, irregularly spotted with brown on the outer webs, the tip also being of this colour: bill bluish black, paler at the base. (Egg). Dirty white, with a few pale red marks: long. diam. three inches; trans, diam. two inches four lines.

More generally diffused than the last species. Most plentiful in Scotland, Ireland, and in the Orkney and Shetland Isles, but is occasionally met with, particularly in the immature state, in various parts of England. Feeds principally on fish, but attacks also birds and quadrupeds. Breeds generally on the most inaccessible cliffs, and lays two eggs. Obs. The Sea Eagle (F. Ossifragus, Linn). is the young of this species.

(3. Pandion, Sav).