A broad white streak above the eyes: upper parts olive-brown: under wing-coverts and flanks deep orange-red: middle of the abdomen without spots.

T. iliacus, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 1. p. 165. Redwing, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. lllust. vol. 1. p. 165. pl. 45. f. 3. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 1. p. 118.


Entire length eight inches four lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) eight lines and a half, (from the gape) one inch and half a line;. of the tarsus one inch and half a line; of the tail three inches three lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing four inches seven lines: breadth, wings extended, thirteen inches.


All the upper parts olive-brown: a broad whitish streak above the eye, extending from the base of the bill backwards for an inch or more: space between the eye and the bill black mixed with yellow: sides of the neck, breast, and sides of the abdomen, white, with numerous large oblong dusky spots; middle of the abdomen pure white, without spots: under wing-coverts and flanks deep orange-red: feet pale brown: bill dusky; base of the under mandible yellowish. (Egg). Resembling that of the Field/are, but smaller, with the spots less numerous.

A migratory species, arriving in large flocks about the beginning of October, or rather later, but generally before the Fieldfare. Haunts pastures and hedges. Feeds principally on insects, and the smaller helices; or, when these cannot be obtained, on berries. Suffers more from very severe weather than the Fieldfare. Retires northward in the Spring to breed.

(3). T. Varius, Horsf. Zoolog. Research, In Java. Linn

Trans, vol. XIII. p. 149.

A bird, supposed to be of this species, was shot by Lord Malmesbury in a small gorze-covert, in the parish of Heron Court in Hampshire, Jan. 24, 1828. It being a native of Java, it is not easy to conjecture by what accident it could have reached this country. The plumage, however, was in very fine condition, and did not exhibit any marks of confinement.

** Plumage uniform; the ground colour black.