Plumage wholly black.

T. Merula, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. i. p. 168. Blackbird, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 167. pl. 45. f. 4. and pl. 43. f. 4. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 120.


Entire length ten inches eleven lines; length of the bill (from the forehead) eleven lines, (from the gape) one inch three lines; of the tarsus one inch six lines; of the tail four inches eleven lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing five inches: breadth, wings extended, sixteen inches.


(Male). The whole of the plumage deep black: orbits, bill, and inside of the mouth, bright yellow: irides and feet dusky brown. (Female). Upper parts dusky brown: throat pale brown, with spots of a darker tint; breast reddish brown; abdomen and under tail-coverts dark cinereous brown: bill and legs dusky brown. (Young newly fledged). Upper parts dusky brown, as in the female, but with reddish streaks on the head, nape, upper part of the back, and lesser wing-coverts, occupying the shafts of the feathers: throat and breast reddish brown, obscurely spotted with dusky. (Egg). Light blue, speckled and spotted with light red brown; occasionally uniform blue without spots: long. diam. one inch two lines; trans, diam. ten lines.

Equally common with the Thrush, and like that bird a constant resident in this country. Food the same. Commences its song in the Spring, a little later than that species, and ceases a little earlier. Habits solitary. Nest formed of moss, twigs, and roots, plastered internally, and afterwards lined with the finer grasses. Eggs four or five in number; hatched the beginning of April.