Upper plumage reddish brown; beneath, cinereous white.
S. Luscinia, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. i. p. 195. Nightingale, Mont. Orn. Diet, and Supp. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 206. pl. 46. f. 1. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 231.
Entire length six inches two lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) six lines, (from the gape) nine lines and a half; of the tarsus one inch one line; of the tail two inches eight lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing three inches two lines: breadth, wings extended, nine inches seven lines.
All the upper parts reddish brown: tail rust-red: breast and sides pale ash, passing into yellowish white; throat and belly whitish: quills pale dusky, edged with reddish brown: bill brown: irides hazel: feet yellowish brown. (Egg). Uniform olive-brown: long. diam. ten lines; trans, diam. eight lines and a half.
Common in the southern, midland, and eastern counties; rare in the western and northern. Has not been observed in Cornwall or in Devonshire, excepting on the eastern borders. First heard about the middle or end of April: song continued till the first or second week in June. Frequents woods, copses, and tall hedges. Nest placed on or near the ground, sometimes suspended between the stems of herbaceous plants; of a very deep, oval form; composed principally of withered leaves, and lined with fine grasses. Eggs four to six in number; hatched towards the end of May, or beginning of June.