Horns branched ; cylindrical; small and erect, with furcate summits.
C. Capreolus, Desm. Mammal, p. 439. Flem. Brit. An. p. 26. Roe, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. i. p. 49. pi. 4. Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. ii. p. 291.
Length of the body three feet nine inches; of the horns eight to nine inches; of the tail one inch: height (in front) two feet three inches, (behind) two feet seven inches.
Smaller than either of the preceding species, but of similar form. Colour variable; the general tint yellowish gray or reddish brown, more or less deep in different individuals, sometimes dusky; each hair being ash-coloured at the roots, then black, with the extreme tip tawny yellow; lower part of the neck, abdomen, and inside of the thighs, grayish white; contour of the anus pure white: ears long, furnished internally with long whitish hairs; extremity of the nose dusky, with a white spot on each side of the upper lip; chin white : horns very rugged, sulcated longitudinally, about as long as the head, with only two antlers, the first arising about the middle, directed forwards, - the second higher up directed backwards : no lachrymal furrow: tail very short. Summer coat much shorter and finer, and of a redder tint, than the winter one. Doe without horns. In the young Buck, the horns are plain and unbranched during the second year; in the third year furnished with a single antler, and in the fourth year complete.
Common formerly in Wales, in the North of England, and in Scotland, but at present almost confined to the Scottish Highlands. Loses its horns at the latter end of Autumn. Rutting season during the first half of November. Doe goes with young five months and a half, and produces in April. Two at a birth, which are always male and female.