Head and throat black; back black, the feathers with reddish edges: sides of the neck, a spot on the wings, and rump, white.

S. Rubicola, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 1. p. 246. Stone-Chat, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Must. vol. 1. p. 185. pl. 48. f. 3 & 4. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 1. p. 268.


Entire length five inches one line: length of the bill (from the forehead) five lines, (from the gape) eight lines; of the tarsus ten lines; of the tail two inches; from the carpus to the end of the wing two inches six lines: breadth, wings extended, eight inches five lines.


(Male in Summer). Head and throat black; on each side of the neck a large white spot; back and nape black, some of the feathers on these parts faintly edged with reddish; quills dusky with pale edges; a large white spot on the greater coverts next the body: breast rust-red; the rest of the under parts white, tinged with yellow: rump white: tail black: bill and feet black. In the unnter plumage, the black on the head and throat is mixed with cinereous brown. (Female). Head and upper parts dusky brown; the feathers edged with yellowish red: quills and tail deep brown, with paler edges: throat dusky, with whitish and reddish spots: the white on the sides of the neck and on the wings not so conspicuous as in the male; the red on the breast paler. (Young of the year before the first moult). Crown of the head dusky brown, with fine yellowish white streaks on the shafts of the feathers; rest of the upper parts as in the adult female, but with a few whitish spots on the nape and top of the back: wing-coverts and scapulars broadly edged with reddish yellow; upper tail-coverts pale rust-colour: throat whitish, speckled with dusky brown. (Egg). Pale gray blue; the larger end speckled with dull reddish brown: long. diam. eight lines and a half; trans, diam. seven lines.

Found in the same places with the preceding species, but remains throughout the year. Habits similar. Nest on the ground; composed of moss and dry bents, and lined with hair or feathers. Eggs five or six; hatched early in the season.