Upper plumage dusky brown, edged with reddish yellow: streak above the eyes, a spot on the wings, and base of the tail, white.

S. Rubetra, Temm. Man. & Orn. torn. 1. p. 244. Whin-Chat, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Must. vol. 1. p. 183. pl. 48. f. 2. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 1. p. 266.


Entire length five inches: length of the bill (from the forehead) five lines, (from the gape) eight lines; of the tarsus ten lines; of the tail two inches; from the carpus to the end of the wing two inches ten lines and a half; breadth, wings extended, eight inches eleven lines.


(Male). Crown of the head, nape, back, and scapulars, dusky brown, the feathers broadly edged with reddish yellow: from the base of the upper mandible a white streak, passing above the eye, and extending considerably beyond it: cheeks and ear-coverts blackish brown: throat and breast pale yellowish red, edged laterally with white; rest of the under parts white, with a faint tinge of yellow: wings brown, with a large oblong white patch near the shoulder, and another smaller one of the same colour on the greater coverts of the primaries: rump and upper tail-coverts yellowish brown streaked with dusky: tail short; the basal half white, the remainder dusky brown; the two middle feathers entirely dusky: bill and feet black. (Female). The rufous edging of the upper plumage broader and more conspicuous: less white on the wing: all the under parts yellowish white, inclining to rust-red on the breast: upper tail-coverts rust-red. (Egg). Uniform bluish green, with specks (some very minute) of dull reddish brown: long. diam. nine lines; trans, diam. six lines and a half.

Migratory like the last species: seldom appears before the middle of April. Haunts moors and commons. Nest placed on the ground, artfully concealed, constructed almost wholly of dried grasses and stalks, the coarser parts being on the outside, and the finer blades forming a lining within. Eggs five or six in number; hatched towards the end of May.