Crown-feathers elongated, forming a crest, black, edged with white: cheeks and sides of the neck dull white: throat, a streak on the temples, and collar, black.
P. cristatus, Temm. Man. dOrn. torn. 1. p. 290. Crested Titmouse, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. 1. p. 243. pl. 43. f. 5. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 1. p. 274.
Entire length four inches eight lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) three lines and a half, (from the gape) five lines; of the tarsus nine lines; of the tail one inch eight lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing two inches six lines.
Feathers on the crown and forehead long and pointed, and capable of erection; of a black colour, edged with white: cheeks and sides of the neck dull white, speckled with black; beneath the eye, and across the ear-coverts, a black streak; throat, upper part of the neck, and a narrow line bounding the white on the sides, deep black: back, and other upper parts, greenish brown: breast and belly white, tinged with buff: bill black: feet bluish gray. The female has less black on the throat, and the crown-feathers not so much elongated. (Egg). White, with a few spots and specks of pule red: long. diam. seven lines; trans, diam. six lines.
Confined to Scotland; but stated to be not uncommon amongst the large tracts of pines in the northern parts of that country, particularly in the forest of Glenmoor. Is said to be of solitary habits, and to build in the holes of trees.