Head, neck, and upper part of the breast, yellow: back and scapulars reddish brown, with darker spots.

E. Citrinella, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. I. p. 304. Yellow Bunting, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 288. pl. 52. f. 2. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 172.


Entire length six inches four lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) five lines, (from the gape) seven lines; of the tarsus nine lines and a half; of the tail two inches eleven lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing three inches three lines: breadth, wings extended, ten inches three lines.


(Male). Head, cheeks, fore part of the neck, abdomen, and under tail-coverts, gamboge-yellow: breast and sides streaked with brownish orange: back and scapulars reddish brown, tinged with olive, with a dusky spot in the centre of each feather; rump bright chestnut, the feathers edged with grayish white: tail dusky; the two outer feathers with a large white conical spot on their inner webs: feet yellowish brown. (Female). The yellow colours much less vivid; that on the head, neck, and throat, marked with olivaceous brown spots; the under parts more clouded and streaked than in the male bird. (Egg). Pale purplish white, streaked and speckled with dark red brown: long. diam. ten lines and a half; trans, diam. eight lines.

Abundant, and generally distributed. Feeds principally on grain. Song scarcely more varied than that of the last species; heard from the first week in February to the beginning or middle of August. Nest placed on or near the ground; composed of straw and dried herbage, and lined with fine grass and long hair. Eggs three to five in number. Breeds late; incubation seldom commencing before the beginning or middle of May. Young fledged about the second week in June. Congregates in Winter.