Ears short: spines moderately long.

E. Europseus, Desm. Mammal, p. 147. Flem. Brit. An. p. 7. Common Urchin, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. i. p. 133. Hedgehog, Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. i. p. 542. pi. 121.


Length of the head and body nine inches six lines; of the head two inches eleven lines; of the ears one inch one line; of the tail nine lines.


Body oblong, convex above, very low on the legs: head produced into a snout which is truncated at the extremity: nostrils narrow: ears short, broad, and rounded: neck thick and short: upper part of the body clothed with round sharp-pointed spines, barely an inch in length, which cross and interlace one another in all directions; the colour of them is whitish with a black ring a little higher up than the , middle: snout, forehead, sides of the head, under part of the neck, breast, and legs, covered with coarse stiff hairs of a yellowish white colour.

Resides in hedges, thickets, etc. Habits nocturnal. Omnivorous; devouring roots, insects, worms, flesh, and even snakes. Becomes torpid during the Winter. Produces in the early part of the Summer from two to four young. Spines soft at birth, and all inclining backwards; become hard and sharp in twenty-four hours. In the adult state, has the power of rolling itself into a ball to avoid danger.