Crown and occiput bluish ash; throat white; beneath the eye a black pointed moustache.

Parus biarmicus, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 1. p. 298. Bearded Titmouse, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. 1. p. 244. pl. 51. f. 6. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 1. p. 283.


Entire length six inches four lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) three lines and a half, (from the gape) five lines; of the tarsus nine lines and a half; of the tail three inches one line; from the carpus to the end of the wing two inches three lines.


(Male). Head and occiput bluish gray: between the bill and the eye a tuft of loose pendent black feathers, forming a pointed moustache on each side of the face; throat and fore part of the neck white; breast and belly tinged with rose-red: nape, back, and rump, light rufous orange; scapulars paler: quills dusky, the primaries edged with white; greater coverts deep black, edged with red on the outer webs, and with reddish white on the inner: under tail-coverts deep black: tail long and cuneated, orange-brown; the outer feathers tipped, and edged externally, with grayish white: bill orange: irides yellow: feet black. (Female). No black moustache on the sides of the neck; crown, and upper parts of the body, yellowish brown, spotted with dusky: under tail-coverts of the same colour with the abdomen. (Egg). White, with a few minute specks and streaks of dark red: long. diam. eight lines and a half; trans, "diam. six lines and a half.

A local species confined to fenny districts, and extensive marshes, where there is abundance of reeds. Found near Winchelsea in Sussex, between Erith and London, and also in some parts of Gloucestershire, Lancashire, Cambridgeshire, and Norfolk. Nest placed near the ground, fixed to the stems of coarse grasses; composed entirely of dried bents, the finer ones forming the lining. Eggs four to six in number. Said to feed on land mollusca, especially the Succinea amphibia, as well as insects.