(1. Canis, Flem).

Tail recurved.

C. familiaris, Desm. Mammal, p. 190. Flem. Brit. An. p. 10. Dog, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. i. p. 59. Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. i. p. 273. pi. 75.


Known only in the domesticated state. Varieties extremely numerous, offering every gradation of size, form, colour, and quality of the hair.

Primitive stock supposed to have been allied to the Shepherd's Dog, a race chiefly characterized by straight ears, long hair, and a bushy tail.

Feeds principally on animal substances, and is particularly attached to carrion. Female goes with young sixty-three days, and produces from six to twelve at a time. The puppies are born blind, and continue so for the first ten days.