"Some of the best white deal comes from Christiania; but that from the other Norwegian ports is not to be relied upon, being apt to warp and split in drying."1

Both good and bad qualities are sent from Dram. The deals from the upland are more free from shakes than the other.

Spruce from Frederikstadt contains loose black knots.

"Gottenburg white deals are hard and stringy," only fit for packing-cases and temporary work. "The same remark applies in greater degree to those from Hernosand and Sundsvall." 2

The best Russian white deal is shipped from Onega. Very good deals come from Narva, Petersburg; white deals are fine and close in grain, but expand and contract with changes of weather.

Riga deals are coarser and more open-grained than the other Russian descriptions.