This section is from the book "A Treatise On Architecture And Building Construction Vol4: Plumbing And Gas-Fitting, Heating And Ventilation, Painting And Decorating, Estimating And Calculating Quantities", by The Colliery Engineer Co. Also available from Amazon: A Treatise On Architecture And Building Construction.
Cost. Th,e following figures are average prices of stone when the transportation charges are not excessive, and are not given as fixed values, but more to show the relative costs. They are based on quarrymen's wages of $2.25 per day, and stone-cutters' wages of $3.00 per day.
First-class rock-face bluestone ashlar, with from 6 to 10 inch beds, dressed about 3 inches from face, will cost, ready for laying, from 25 to 40 cents per square foot, face measure; while very good work will cost from 35 to 45 cents per square foot. Regular course bluestone ashlar, 12 to 18 inches high, with from 8 to 12 inch beds, will cost about 50 cents per square foot. To this (and the previous figures) must be added the cost of hauling, which, on an average, will be about 2 cents per square foot. The cost of setting ashlar may be taken at about 10 cents per square foot.
The rough stock for dimension stone will cost, at the quarry, if Quincy granite, in pieces of a cubic yard or less, from 50 cents to 75 cents per cubic foot; if bluestone, about 50 cents; if Ohio sandstone, about 30 cents per cubic foot; if Indiana limestone, about 25 cents per cubic foot; and if Lake Superior redstone, about 40 cents per cubic foot.
Flagstones for sidewalks, ordinary stock, natural surface, 3 inches thick, with joints pitched to line, in lengths (along walk) from 3 to 5 feet, will cost, for 3-foot walk, about 8 cents per square foot (if 2 inches thick, 6 cents); for 4-foot walk, 9 cents; and for 5-foot walk, 10 cents per square foot. The cost of laying all sizes will average about 3 cents per square foot. The above figures do not include cost of hauling.
Curbing, 4" X 24", granite, will cost, at quarry, from 25 to 30 cents per lineal foot; digging and setting will cost from 10 to 12 cents additional; and the cost of freight and hauling must also be added.
The following figures show the approximate cost of cut bluestone for variuos uses:
Flagstone, 5-inch, size 8'Xl0', edges and top bush hammered, per sq. ft., face measure......
Flagstone, 4-inch, size 5'x5', select stock, edges clean cut, natural top, per sq. ft...........
Door sills, 8" X 12", clean cut, per lin. ft.......
Window sills, 5" X12", clean cut, per lin. ft.....
Window sills, 4" X 8", clean cut, per lin. ft.....
Window sills, 5" X 8", clean cut, per lin. ft......
Lintels, 4"x 10", clean cut, per lin. ft.......
Lintels, 8" X12", clean cut, per lin. ft........
Steps, sawed stock, 7" X14", per lin. ft.......
Water-table, 8" X12", clean cut, per lin. ft......
Coping, 4" X 21", clean cut, per lin. ft........
Coping, 4"X21", rock-face edges and top, per lin. ft.
Coping, 3"X15", rock-face edges and top, per lin. ft.
Coping, 3"x 18", rock-face edges and top, per lin. ft.
To the prices of cut stone above given, must be added the cost of setting, which for water-tables, steps, etc. will be about 10 cents per lineal foot; and for window sills, etc., about 5 cents per lineal foot. In addition, allow about 10 cents per cubic foot for fitting, and about 5 cents per cubic foot for trimming the joints after the pieces are set in place.
Day's Work. A stone cutter can cut about 6 square feet of granite per day, 8 square feet of bluestone, and about 10 square feet of Ohio sandstone or limestone. These figures are for 8-cut patent-hammered work. For rock-face ashlar (beds worked about 3 inches from face, the rest pitched), a workman can dress from 25 to 28 square feet per day, of random ashlar; and from 18 to 20 square feet of coursed ashlar. In dressing laminated stone, from two to three times more work can be done in a day on the natural surface than on the edge of layers. In figuring cut stone, an ample allowance should be made for waste, which, on an average, will be 25 per cent.