This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
The Great Pyramid of Cheops at Cairo, Egypt, stands upon a plateau near the banks of the Nile, within an easy drive from the city. Its massiveness and mystery have successfully baffled the multitudes who through the ages of the past have endeavored to learn its real secret.
For Nearly Sixty Centuries Has It Stood sentinel over the fertile delta of the Nile, and still constitutes one of the wonders of the world. Its two fellows that stand near it are not as large, yet they also constitute an imposing monument to the grandeur of ancient Egypt, and lend an added air of mystery and massiveness to their larger fellow which represents the perfected state to which such structures attained. The three cannot but impress one with a feeling of awe and majesty since they have the desert for a background, and this old-world city for a relief. They never seem to lose that element of former days that carries one back through the ages and brings him face to face with Egypt as she appeared in the height of her glory.
Many have been those of all nations and callings who have searched the galleries and interior chambers of this gigantic mass of stone for that secret which, as they thought, would reveal the key to Egypt'S Greatness In Some Of The Arts And Sciences; but they came away in despair. The Great Pyramid, as it is popularly known, rises four hundred fifty-one feet into the air, and measures nearly seven hundred fifty feet on each of its four sides. It sits square to the compass, i.e., one side facing each cardinal point, and is square at the base. Its foundation is upon the solid rock, and with the exception of losing its outer casing, and a few minor scratches, stands as perfect, seemingly, as the day it was built.
The interior arrangement is a descending passage-way that leads downward at an inclination of twenty-six degrees, terminating in the Subterranean Chamber. This Subterranean Chamber, with its attendant shafts, is hewn out of the solid rock and located nearly one hundred feet below the center of the Pyramid's base. An ascending passage-way branches off obliquely upward from a point twenty yards below the entrance on the north side, and joins the descending passage with a chamber located in the central bulk of the Pyramid, known as the King's Chamber. This ascending passageway broadens out into what is known as the Grand Gallery, near its upper end. The north and south sides of this chamber measure seventeen feet in length, respectively, while the east and west sides measure thirty-four and one-half feet respectively. It is nineteen feet high, and Connected With The Upper End Of The Grand Gallery By a small horizontal passage-way that was apparently closed midway its length by four sliding doors, one of which can be seen to-day.
Located some little distance below the King's Chamber, and a little to the north, is the Queen's Chamber, which is also connected with the lower end of the Grand Gallery by a horizontal passage-way. The north and south sides of this chamber are seventeen feet long, while its east and west sides are nearly eighteen feet wide. It is twenty feet high and has two small air shafts, the one connecting it with the Grand Gallery, the other extending some distance southward through the bulk of the Pyramid.
Above the roof of the King's Chamber are five small chambers or shelves which are reached from the chamber below by means of ladders.
The Name Of Khufu Was Found In The Two Highest Of these shelves. The King's Chamber is connected with the outside by two small air shafts eight inches square, somewhat similar to those of the Queen's Chamber. They extend upward at an angle of forty-five degrees until they reach the surface of the Pyramid, the north one being two hundred thirty-four feet, and the south one one hundred seventy-four feet in length. There is a vertical shaft extending forty feet below the floor of the Subterranean Chamber, this being, perhaps, the mean water level of the river Nile. This shaft was found nearly filled with rubbish, which fact, we believe, has value in regard to its symbolic meaning, or of that period in the destiny of mankind when, as scripture states, the human rubbish shall be cast into a universal pit. In A Comparative Study This Chamber Would be associated with the scriptural "Bottomless Pit." Another shaft extends southward from the chamber and is somewhat similar to that just mentioned, although it follows a horizontal plane and is sixty feet in length, terminating in a Cul-de-sac.
Now, in regard to constructive workmanship, the Great Pyramid rivals and surpasses much of our best effort to-day. The polishing and joining of the interior arrangement of the Grand Gallery especially is such, that it has been said and demonstrated that one could not penetrate the crevices with a needle or hair. It has been acclaimed by all as a Piece Of Marvelous Workmanship Throughout And of such construction that the one-thousandth of an inch would cover any deflection from its original position by settlement of any part. It has been well named one of the "Wonders of the World," and stands as a fitting monument of Egypt's greatness. It would require our best efforts to duplicate it to-day, and we doubt if such could be done without the expenditure of almost superhuman skill.