This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
It is not strange then, that Osiris was represented as Sitting In Judgment Over the dead in this locality, since we detect so many of their judgment emblems between Aquarius and Cepheus. The "Court of the Double Truth," or Egyptian Judgment Hall was located in this region, it would seem, and perhaps embraces a very considerable area; yet, as to exact delineation of the same, we cannot state definitely.
We certainly recognize a wealth of emblematic evidence that points to location in this region, and it will be but a matter of time and study until we can Determine Its Location With absolute certainty. The emblematic "W" figure was identical with that Egyptian symbol resembling the steps of a stairway and popularly known as the "Step Emblem." The "Step Emblem" was a symbol of great value, as will be seen in a more comprehensive study of the subject. The Great Square of Pegasus resembles the above named emblem also, where we see it joined to another smaller square object directly over the bird-headed figure in the water-bowl. This gigantic object stands out distinctly from the surrounding star groups, and we consider it a judgment symbol of some kind. Its full value seems very clear as the starry judgment scales, which fact is amply borne out by the surrounding analogous figures.
The head seen in the water-bowl readily impresses one as that of a being gazing across The Eternal Vistas Of The Cosmos, and reminds the observer of those sinister hooded personages who are the executioners of their fellow men. Whenever we see this starry figure with the face to the east, apparently spanning the boundless realms of space with its vision, we do not wonder at the value placed thereon by the early Egyptian. It is a fitting ornament for the top of that starry chamber or pit which they saw directly below and seems to guard the entrance thereto. It seems closely identified with the "Helmet of Hades" in Greek mythology.
The head of the Egyptian jackal-headed god Anubis, is seen within the enclosure of the Great Square of Pegasus. His ears are seen in conjunction with the envelope-shaped figure which marks the north-west corner of the square, and the nose is easily seen in its southeastern part. This head is quite well marked, especially the nose and forehead of the animal. His head is, of course, in conjunction with the huge scales seen here, which position identifies him with the Egyptian Judgment Scene.
He faces the entrance to the starry region of Hades, which fact is not without its significance with respect to the Greek mythological belief as to Cerberus, the three-headed dog guarding the entrance to the abode of death. Such value may also be said to be associated with the dogeared ape where we see him as in conjunction with the entrance.
Both the Egyptian and the Greek placed a hill in the future abode of death, which hill we consider as identified with a gigantic triangular figure lying below Aquarius, and much resembling that seen in Capricornus. The boat seen above is apparently entering this hill, or has its western end resting upon its top. The Egyptian generally represented the "Mountain In The West" in a triangular shape, which form agrees well with this figure, while by its location it shows identity with the hill of Hades, in either Grecian or Egyptian belief. Piscis Austrinus marks its upper side and it embraces the contiguous groups, while it is easily detected. It seems the Egyptian dead must climb this hill after passing the judgment.
The body of Cetus or the whale is easily seen to present the crocodile head of Ammit, or the "Eater of the Dead," that plays a very important part in the Egyptian judgment scene in their "Book of the Dead." The rest of its body lies farther south and east, and where seen as a whole, easily presents such a figure as that which they have derived therefrom, or A Ferocious Monster Which was believed to devour the heart of the unlucky dead who failed to pass the judgment.
It was seen as having the head of a crocodile, the fore part of its body as that of a lion, and the rear portion as that of a hippopotamus.
We see it located immediately below the gigantic judgment scales, with its mouth open and head upturned expectantly, which position agrees closely with their belief regarding it. This starry whale is also seen with a winged head protruding from its back, and with a long curving star-band joined to its mouth, which terminates in a small head-figure near the serpent in Eridanus. These features of the object identify it with another of their monsters which were believed to inhabit the desert country adjoining Egypt. A head-like protrusion from its western end also gives it a close resemblance to a huge turtle.
Lying between Aquarius and Aquila, and with its top marked by the well known figure "Job's Coffin," is outlined an object none other than the starry counterpart of the Egyptian feather, The Symbol Of Truth.
It apparently stands as a plume over Aquarius' head, and embraces the small constellation known as Delphinus and Equuleus. This starry feather is such a conspicuous figure that it is a naked-eye object and easily found. It bears a remarkable resemblance to an ostrich feather, and Shows A Close Similarity To that emblem of truth so common among Egyptian sculptured figures. It apparently stands in one end of that gigantic object which we described above as a huge "W" emblem, or the scales in which the heart of the deceased was supposed to be weighed. It is an interesting fact in this connection, that one corner of the "Great Square" of Pegasus is marked by a figure bearing a close resemblance to the object symbolizing the heart of the deceased. It is found in that corner of the square which constitutes the head of Anubis, and is quite well marked. It really comprises a portion of his head, or the ears and back part of it. This portion of the group seems quite clear as source for those Symbolic Figures Resembling An Envelope Which are found both in American and Egyptian symbols. The heart of the dead was placed in one end of the judgment scales and the symbol of truth in the other.