This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
The object, in its entirety, is a veritable diadem of the gods with an emblematic memento of each embodied therein.
The head of Serpens, which adjoins Corona Borealis, has undoubtedly originated the Egyptian hieroglyphic hand. It bears a remarkable analogy thereto and is also closely identified with the "Ka," or "Double Name".
That head-like object, which the eagle apparently grasps in its claws, is often represented in many Egyptian sculptures and pictures as the emblem of eternity. We believe this head-like object to have Originated Much Of The Symbolism Of The Americas, such as the gigantic heads found in various localities, especially those designed wearing necklaces. The figure is more that of an open loop with the ends turned outward, having the opening crossed by an arrangement of stars which evidently originated the symbolic necklace. This head Shows A Striking Resemblance To those gigantic heads of stone found in the Easter Islands, and it would not be strange if it were so recognized by the early people on those islands. The face appears looking upward somewhat, which is a feature of the gigantic stone heads mentioned above. It may also be seen as having two faces, and has perhaps originated those deities having more than one face.
The arrangement of the stars in and near the small constellation Leo Minor, lying between Ursa Major, Virgo and Leo, we see as the Egyptian Scarab‘us; For The General Appearance Of the figure, as a whole, shows a considerable resemblance to the beetle, and furthermore is so located as to position that such value is made quite plain.
With its base or roots embedded in the Galaxy on the borders of Gemini and Auriga, and with its top extending northward through these groups and that of the Lynx, we note the outline of a tree much resembling the pine. Thus we have a starry tree located upon either bank of the Galactic river, Which Fact Throws Tremendous Light Upon ancient mythological and religious belief. This tree is quite definitely, though somewhat indistinctly, outlined.
Lying between the pole-star, Perseus and Auriga, and within the constellation Camel-opardalis, we see an object or figure which resembles one or more winged humans and may Have originated the Grecian mythological belief as to the Harpies, as well as possibly being identified with the seraphim or angelic beings of scriptural belief. This figure is seen in conjunction with the paws of the great beast nearby, and shows great evidence of wings in connection with it.
The constellation Auriga lies immediately above the northern intersection of the Galaxy with the belt of the Zodiac, thus crowning the northern arch of the heavens. The five principal stars of this group form the Figure Of A Huge Keystone, which is a fitting starry emblem for this region, since it is built into the royal arch of the stars. This constellation is designated upon our present charts by the figure of the Charioteer, who holds a goat and her young in one arm while he holds a whip in the other hand. The Egyptian symbolic whip we place in conjunction with the Hyades in Taurus. The small group in question Bears A Remarkable Resemblance To their royal whip and has apparently originated such an emblem. This whip is a common object among their representations of royal personages and had great value placed upon it. Sacred belief relative to this group seems to ascribe to Auriga the dignity of ruler of the heavens, for we believe Moses referred to him when he said: "There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven." (Deut. xxxiii:26.) Such belief relative to this group seems well founded, since it is confirmed by the general characteristics and position which it occupies.
The constellation Perseus lies in the Galaxy between the group just named and Cassiopeia, and is designated upon our charts by the mythological figure of him who slew the monster that threatened to devour the ill-fated Andromeda. This group is certainly one of great interest, as will be seen from the following:-
It presents to our view a figure which perhaps originated those spiral-shaped serpent figures So Common Throughout America, for it bears a remarkable resemblance to them. The spiral figure though, would embrace not only the group assigned to Perseus, but also the attendant stars. It is in this group that we detect one of the rosette figures mentioned elsewhere in this work. The rosette part of the group is centrally located, and, in general aspect, much resembles the head of a lamb. It is undoubtedly connected with the circles of standing stones, for it is their starry counterpart. These circles of standing stones are found both in America and Europe.
The constellation Argo Navis, represented upon our present charts as a ship, lies between Canis Major and Hydra, while it intersects the Galactic belt at that point and extends some considerable distance southward into the southern heavens. Now we detect the outline of this constellation figure, not in the position shown upon our allegorical star charts to-day, but as lying almost entirely without the limits assigned to this group, and as embracing the group Canis Major, almost in its entirety. The brilliant first magnitude star Sirius, known as the "King of Suns," apparently rides in the topmost rigging of this starry ship and seems a fitting beacon to light it on its way. The ship is headed eastward and appears as though lodged in the Galactic river at this point, or as lying at anchor. The brighter stars of the group Canis Major outline its stern quite clearly, and present a remarkable resemblance to that portion of a ship.