This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
Adjoining the constellation Argo Navis on the north, we find the group Monoceros, which is represented upon our star charts by the figure of a horse with a horn protruding from its forehead. Now the real starry figure of this constellation lies within the Galaxy, immediately above and to the east of Orion, and is found almost entirely without the limits of the group assigned to it. It faces west and has for its head the oval-shaped object located in the Galaxy above Orion's head. It appears as wading in the Galactic stream much in the manner that the Norse mythological horses were wont to do, and this fact seems to clearly identify it with one of those upon which the gods rode to and from Asgard. (Cf. Norse Mythology, by Anderson, page 189).
The true value of the constellation Perseus would be difficult of statement at present, yet such will undoubtedly be revealed through A Complete Interpretation Of the star groups. Its most striking characteristic is a spiral figure with an object of some kind in the center. The position of the rosette, located in the center, bears a close analogy to those springs throughout western America which were enclosed with ornamental stones.
Perseus, with the attendant stars near-by, is a grouping bearing close identification With The Scriptural Holy City Or the New Jerusalem. As a whole, the figure impresses one as a head enshrined and as wearing a glittering or jeweled necklace. It shows identity with such mythological personages as the Norse Brynhild and Greek Endymion. Its most distinguishing characteristic is that of a large circular arrangement enclosing a smaller circle, in which we see a small square of stars.
Cassiopeia, we see not only as part of the starry King's Chamber of the celestial Pyramid, but as a combination of various emblematic figures seen in other parts of the heavens; for illustration, the trapeze, square and other forms which are combined into the one figure, a feature of possibly great significance in a comparative study.
The constellation Cepheus has been ascribed a position between the pole and the Galaxy, directly above Cassiopeia, and is designated upon our charts by the figure of the mythological King Cepheus. Some represent him with His Feet Toward The Pole And head in the Galaxy, while on the other hand, he is shown by others to be in almost the position in which we find him, yet without the left arm in its proper place or his face turned in the right direction. Now the true figure of Cepheus we place not as shown upon our present charts, but with his head marked by the five principal stars of this group, while his right arm reaches off toward the pole-star and his left is folded across his breast. His left arm is marked by a rosette at the elbow and is distinctly outlined, although by stars of small magnitude. We well know what great value the Egyptian and others placed upon the symbolic position of folding the arm across the breast. Such symbolism we believe to have been derived from this feature of the starry figure. The rest of his body apparently extends lengthwise with the Galaxy some little distance, and lies between Cassiopeia, Perseus and the pole-star; while on the other hand, he has generally been seen as sitting upon a throne, which latter position we consider the true one. His head is quite well outlined, and appears as though wearing some kind of a head-dress. A general view of his head reminds one very much' of that of An Indian Chieftain, as though wearing plumes of some kind, which feature we consider as originating a form of head-dress worn by the Egyptian god Ammon.
"Down the broad galactic river, Where the star beams dance and quiver, Flies the swan with grace transcendent, Bearing on its wings resplendent, Sacred cross of death and glory, Emblem of redemption's story." - Anon.
The constellation figure Andromeda has been ascribed a position between Pegasus, Pisces, Lacerta, Cassiopeia and Perseus, and is designated upon our present-day star charts by the figure of the ill-fated princess of that name who, mythology states, was chained to the rocks by the sea-shore and abandoned to the mercies of a sea-monster, while Perseus, whose constellation we see adjoining, was believed to have rescued her. She is represented with arms outstretched, and chained to imaginary starry rocks. Now The Real Figure Of Andromeda We place, not as shown upon our charts to-day, but with her head embracing the small constellation Lacerta almost in its entirety, and with one arm, which is very definitely outlined, reaching off toward Delphinus. We see no markings of the other, yet they seem to have supplied it and placed it in an outstretched position, somewhat similar to that in which we find its counterpart, and reaching toward the pole of the heavens. The arm which points off toward Delphinus and the south is well marked, although by stars of small magnitude, and is easily noted with the naked eye. Her body apparently extends toward and overspreads a portion of the constellation Cygnus, the starry swan. The brighter stars of the latter group outline what is popularly known as the "Northern Cross".
This cross is well seen in this group and easily detected. We consider the true figure of Andromeda as symbolic of the Christ, in his crucifixion ministry. Further, that object known as "The Northern Coal Sack," which is located upon the upper portion of her body, is not without its significant value in connection with the above.
"The Northern Coal Sack" lies directly above the top of the cross, and is a dark cloudlike object, the nature of which we are ignorant at present. Dark cloud-like objects resembling this one, although of different shapes, are found in other parts of the heavens, and are somewhat of an enigma to Astronomers.