30 Fabric Roll 1301-2

"In 1271 pedibus vitri ad sum-mas fenestras frontis novi operis, cum duabus formis in utraque parte, œ29 2s. 5 1/2d." " For 1271 feet of glass for the upper windows of the front of the new work, with two forms," or window patterns, " on either side, œ29 2s. 5 1/2d." "Et in 535 ped. vitri ad alias duas formas, pro pede 5 1/2d." "And for 535 feet of glass for two other forms, at 5 1/2d. a foot." These entries were supposed by Dr. Oliver (p. 177) to refer to the Lady Chapel windows: as they follow immediately the one above given, about paining the bosses. But that entry, taken with the coresponding one below (Note 34), for the painting of the choir-vaulting, conclusively proves that the windows must have been glazed already: not however, as it should seem, as yet, with stained-glass (see below, Note 67, 1). And there can be no doubt, from careful comparison of the terms here used with those of the later Rolls (1203-9-10, see Notes 32, 41) that the windows of the eastern part of the choir are meant. There is much obscurity, at first sight, about some of the terms used in these glazing entries. But "summse fenestra" clearly means the windows above, as compared with the aisle windows; not, as Dr. Oliver evidently thought, the windows furthest east, i.e., those of the Lady Chapel. By the "front of the new work," I understand the east end of the choir, called in another entry (Note 32) " the upper gable." In this there are two "upper windows," the higher one lighting the roof; and both would naturally be glazed at the same time: though we should hardly have expected to find stained glass in the uppermost one. The "formse," (or " formae vitrese," Note 37), I do not hesitate, after much consideration, to interpret, here and elsewhere, the shapes of glass fitting into the lights and tracery of a window; or into a portion of a window. They are almost always spoken of in pairs, for the reason given in the text (See notes 33, 37, 41). On measuring the windows named, according to my view, in this entry, we find that their area corresponds, with marvellous accuracy, with the quantity of glass here recorded as having been purchased. It would seem that, in this and all other cases, the measurement was taken, (as is sometimes done still in measuring such work), as if the lights ran uninterruptedly up to the top; thus allowing for the "cutting to waste " involved in adapting the glass to the tracery. Measuring in this way, we have the following figures:-



East window of choir 32f. x 23f. ... =



Circular window lighting the roof llf. x llf. =



Easternmost pair of clerestory windows, each 25 f. x 8f. 9in. or 206f. 3in.






That is to say, within a foot and a half of the area provided for in the entry, viz.: 1,271 feet, The second entry, of 535 feet for a pair of windows (or 267f. 6in. for each window), refers, no doubt, to the next adjacent, or second pair. These, like all the rest of the clerestory windows of the choir (except the easternmost ones jnst mentioned, which are smaller) are of one size. The outside measurement, taken as above, is about 25f. 6in, x 10f. 6in. = 267f. 6in., or precisely the area provided for in the entry. These correspondences leave no room for doubt that these are, in every case, the windows intended.

31 Fabric Roll 1303-4

"In 1083 ped. vitri ad quatuor summas fenestras, œ24 16s. 4 1/2d., pro pede 5 1/2d." "For 1,083 feet of glass, at 5 1/2d. a foot, for four upper windows, œ24 16s. 4 1/2d." This is, no doubt, for the next two, or third ond fourth pairs, and gives 270f. 9in. for each window, or 3f. 9in. more than was allowed (Note 30) for the preceding ones. They allowed, it seems, a higher measurement by about three inches this time; thus adding 10f. 3in. by 3in. = 3f. 3 1/2in., making within 51/2 in., the area required.

32 Fabric Roll 1302-3

" In 380 1/2 ped. vitri ad duas fenestras in alis." "For 380 1/2 feet of glass for two windows in the aisles œ8 17s. 2 1/2d." "In 364 ped. vitri ad duas extremas formas in ala novi opens faciend, œ8 6s. 10d. "For 864 feet of glass for making the two furthest forms in the aisle of the new work, œ8 6s. 10d." The former of these quantities agrees, within half a foot, with the area of the present aisle windows, which measure 19f. x 10f. each window, or 380f. the pair. The second entry, for the "two furthest forms in the aisle," refers most probably to the windows (above p. - ) in the retro-choir. Both of these could be said to be "in ala," i.e. in the cross aisle, which no other pair could. They are narrower than the other aisle windows, being of four lights only. Measuring them as 19f. by 9f. 6in., we get 180f. 6in., or 36If. the pair, - i.e. within 3f. of the .Roll entry.

33 Fabric Roll 1303-4

"Mag. Walter Le Verrouer as-sedent. vitrum summi gabuli, et 8 summarum fenestrarum, et sex fenestrarum in alis:" (sic, not, as Dr. Oliver read it, "in aliis," "in other parts") "novi operis, in grossoœ4 10s." "Master Walter the glazier, for fitting the glass of the upper gable " (as distinguished perhaps from the " lower gable," at the east-end of the Lady Chapel: or it may be merely as ranging with the clerestory), and of eight upper windows, and of six windows in the aisles of the new work: total œ4 10s." There follows an entry for "140 feet of painted glass (depicti) for two shapes in the new vestry, 72s. 2d.; setting the same, 2s." We do not know what or where this new vestry was: probably south-east of the Lady Chapel.