1 There was a Monastery here in the 7th century, since Bp. Boniface of Crediton, who was martyred in 755, ast. 75, received his early education in it under Wolfhard, the Abbot, "In Exanchester, quod modo Exonia dicitur." - Bp. Ghran-disson's Legenda Sanctorum. On the later Saxon Church and Leofric's instalment, see Oliver. Athelstan is said to have dedicated the Church, dr. 932. to SS. Mary and Peter. (Oliver pp. 3, 173.)
2 "Anno Domini M° Centesimo xii primo [not prima] fundata est Exon. Ecclesia." Ohronicon Breve Excn. Ecclesice, among Laud's MSS. in the Bodleian Library. The original has just been found among the Cathedral MSS., (No. 3625, foL 54-59).
3 The Cathedral Churches are Chalons-sur-Marne; Lyons, (c. 1200 or earlier, Wood's Letters of an Architect, i., 130); Geneva (c. 1219 Ibid p. 181); and in some sense Barcelona (c. 1326). Here, however, the transepts only form the base of the towers, which are erected above them (Street's Spain, p. 298). Angoulene had originally two transept towers, but the Northern only remains (Parker's Architecture, xxxv., 44); Le Mans has a Southern one only. Single transept Towers, indeed, are not rare, as at Fountains and Dore. Canterbury, in its Norman stage, had towers standing N. and S. of the Nave-aisles, half-way down its length, (" Sub medio longitu-dinis aulae ipsius [i.e. of Nave] duas turres erant prominentes ultra EcclesisB alas,") dedicated to Pope Gregory and S. Martin (Gervase i., 292, quoted in Rev. E. Mackenzie Walcott's Documentary History of English Cathedrals, to whom I am indebted for this note). Exeter would seem to be one of the earliest known instances of the arrangement. Mr. Walcott considers that transeptal towers were for the convenience of the canons in ringing the bells for the choir services, the western towers containing the bells for festivals. (Sacred Archaeology. p. 587.)
4 Hoker's words are, "This Leofricus died an. 1073, and was buried in the Cemitory, or Churchyard of his own Church, under a simple and broken marble stone; which place, by the since enlarging of his Church, is now within the South Tower of the same, where of late, anno 1568, a new monument was erected to the memory of so good, worthy, and noble a Personage, by the industry of the writer hereof [Mr. Hoker or Hooker] but at the charges of the Dean and Chapter." P. 108.
5 Dugdale's Monasticon.
6 Muniment quoted by Oliver, p. 175: shewing that Stephen bestowed a rent out of Colyton Manor as compensation.
7 "Osbernus Episcopus tenet de Rege Ecclesiam de Boseham, et de Rege Edwardo tenuit" - Domesday, vol I. fol. 17.
8 "Radulphus I. sedit annos Domini M.X.C.V. - hie reedificavit ecclesiam cic. inge combustam." - From an old 14th century Register of Chichester Cathedral.
9 Leland, in his Itinerary, or record of journeys through England, "begunne about 1538, 30 Hen. VIII." (title), says, speaking of Plymton S. Mary Priory, " One William Warwist, Bisshop of Excester, displeasid with the Canons or Prebendaries of a Fre Chapell, of the Fundation of the Saxon Kinges, found means to dissolve their College, wherein was a Deane and four Prebendaries. The Prebende of Plymton self was the title of one . . . Bisshop Warwist, to recompence the Prebendaries of Plymton, erected a College of as many as were ther at Bosenham in Southsax, and annexid the gift of them to his successors, Bisshops of Excester. Then he set up at Plympton a Priorie of Canons Regular, and after was there buried in the Chapitre House. - Leland, Itinerary, vol. III. p. 45.
10 It is not certain that the fire of 1161 injured our Cathedral. All that we know is that the city was burnt then, "Anno M.C.L.X.I. Exonia combusta est." Anglia Sacra, AnnaL Eccl. Winton.
11 A second fire occurred at Chichester, October 20, 1187. Matth. Paris, i., 443. The Cathedral had just been finished by a second Radulphus, corresponding to our Marshall in date and works. "Radulphus Ecclesiam suam quam a novo fecerat, cum fortuitus ignis pessum dedisset, brevi perfecit" (Willm. of Malmesbury, Gesta Pontiflc. 206.)
12 In the thirteenth century, the tendency was to enlarge the eastern limbs of Churches on a larger scale. The famous rebuilding of the choir of Canterbury, late in the 12th century, had most likely set the example. The choir sometimes swelled to a length as great or greater than that of the nave. Sometimes the choir itself became cruciform by the addition of an eastern Transept. A distinct addition was made at the east end, an addition covering new ground which had not hitherto been part of the Church. This addition was no other than the present Lady Chapel" (E. A. Freeman's Wells Cathedral, 1870, p. 108. These remarks furnish a valuable illustration of the text.
13 The Lady Chapel is mentioned in a deed of Bishop Bruere's in 1237. - See Dr. Oliver's Monasticon, Exon. p. 55.
14 Such, are, apparently, the real relations between Exeter Cathedral and the Church of Ottery St Mary.
15 The date of the original E. English Chapter House, heretofore a matter of conjecture, is now happily ascertained by the discovery among our archives, by Mr. Stuart Moore, of a deed of gift (No. 2084, no date), by which Bruere makes over "to God and the Church of St. Mary and St Peter, a sufficient area to make a Chapter House, in our garden, near the Tower of St. John;" "areolam competen-tem ad capitulum faciend. in orto nostro, juxta turrim Set Johannis."
16 Bronescombe's deed, dated St. Margaret's Day (July 20) 1280, appropriated Buckerell "for the sustentation of his chaplains in the almost re-constructed Chapel, near the Chapel of the Blessed Mary, in our Cathedral Church of Exeter, on the south side, where we have chosen our place of burial," (" in capella fere de novo constructa juxta capel-lam B. Mariae, ex parte australi.") Given by Oliver, Lives of Bishops, p. 46. Exeter Cathedral Archives, Deed No. 668.