52 Fabric Boll 1418

"Pro scriptura lapidis Dominis Leofrici, primi ecclesia Exoniensis Episcopi."

53 "By Robert Garland, Architect {Winkle's Cathedrals, 1838.)

54 Fabric Boll 1316-17

"In 38 col. marmor. ad aluras inter magnum altare et chorum, cum capitrell et basis ad idem œ10 8s., pro quolibet columpn. 5s. 6d."

55 Fabric Boll 1318-19

"In 9 capit. depictand, in novis aluris. in 19 cap. depictand. et deaurand. in novis aluris." Also " pro 2 ostiis ad aluras," " 2 doors for the new galleries" to communicate with the old. Alure, a passage alley in a Church (Walcott).

56 Fabric Roll 1316-17

"In 17 magnis clavib, de petra primand et apprestand. usque ad aurum 20s." "Forpriming and preparing, up to the gilding stage, seventeen great bosses of stone 20s." These were probably the choir aisle bosses.

57 Fabric Boll 1319-20

"Pro 300 lbs fern pro bams ad magn. altare." "In apprimand. unius niagnae tabula 3s. 4d." "6 barr. ad idem, 448 lbs, 12s. 4d.: et pro tabernac." Again in 1324, Joh. Aurifabro pro opere tabula argente. œ5 18s." And his executors (Oliver, p. 209) provided the altar with a rich "frontel," probably of marble (see Note 59), as well as an embroidered covering, costing altogether œ14 3s. 4d. ( = œ280 of our money).

58 Various entries in 1316-17 seem to belong to this canopied reredos; called the "tablatura lapides summi altaris;" also "summa tabula " (compare the "summse fenestra" Note 30.) "In duabus cathenis ad summam tabulam empt. " For two chains bought for the upper slab." A bolt "cum plata rotunda et alia altiro ferreo ad summas claves lapideas faciendas " i.e. "with a round plate and other iron gear for making the stone bosses at the top." (The whole had to be held together with irons in these structures.) Again "pro factura 54 clavarum" (shafts? lit. rods or sticks) 6 magn. capitrell" 32 parv. capitrell. 6 magn. sars. 108s: 4d.

"For making 54 slender shafts, 6 little capitels of larger size. 32 smaller ones, 6 great brackets, 108s. 4d." "Pro 1 imagine fact, nomine salvatoris 3s." "Making one statue, called the Saviour, 3s.

59 "Fabric Boll 1318-19

"In 4 columpn. cum basis, subbasis, capit. œ5 6s. 8d." " In 43 ped marmor. grad pro la pulpytte." "Pro 2 altar, cum frontelis marmor et al apparat. 26s. 8d." " Pro 500 lbs ferri ad faciend. magnas-barras pro la pulpytte 15s. 5d." That the altars were those of St. Mary and St. Nicholas is proved by a deed of agreement between the chapter and treasurer (1419), about the payments arising from oblations at the various altars and images in the church (Lyttelton, ubi sup.) This was a not uncommon arrangement. At Chichester the altars of St. Mary at the Choir door, and of Holy Cross and St. Augustine under the Cross are mentioned (Leiger Book), 261, 256.)

60 Ibid

"Item, liberator. W. Cannon .œ4, in precepto Dom. Dei et capit. ex curialitate." "Item, livery, or free gift, to W. Cannon, by command of the Dean and Chapter, out of their courtesy, œ4." (A similar gift is made this year of 2s. to a glazier, " out of courtesy," by the Treasurer.)

61 Fabric Roll 1323-4

"Vertmell. gumph. bolt. serr, pro hostiis de la polpytte. In 5 cap. talliand. pro voutura clau-sursB 8s." " Hinges, catches (?), bolts and locks for the doors of the pulpit For carving five heads for the vaulting of the cloister " (or enclosure) called in the next year "clausura juxta la pulpytte."

62 Fabric Roll 1324-5

"Pro 2000 tegulis pro la pulpytte 16s. Pro 12 imag. in 2 ultimis pannellis de la pulpit. In 10 parv. imag. juxta la pulp, talliand." "Imag. in angulo de la pulp. (1323)" "Solut. fact, imaginatori de Londonia pro imaginabus talliand. ex precepto Thesaurarii." Ibid. "For 2000 tiles; 12 statues in the two (?) upper panels; ten small ones: a statue in the corner of the pulpit" (the corner niches remain): "payment to a statuary from London for carving statues at the command of the Treasurer."

63 Fabric Roll, 1324-5

"In fac. ferr. portant magnam crucem." "For making an iron carrying the great cross, or rood." So at Lanfranc's Church of Canterbury, "Pulpitum ex parte navis in media, sui Altare Crucis habebat supra pulpitum trabes erat, quae crucem grandem sustentabat -'

"The pulpit, i.e., screen, on the nave side had in the middle of it the altar of the Holy Cross. Above the pulpit was a beam which supported the great Cross" (Gervase, apud X scriptores, c. 1200). At St. Alban's again, "Pulpitum in medio ecclesiad cum magna cruce sua perfecit." (These references from Mr. Walcott.)

64 Fabric Roll 1280

" Circa organa claudenda." "About closing (query, putting the stops) "the organs." Chapter archives 1429, " For making new organs,"

65 Fabric Roll 1513

"In the account with John Major, clerk of the work ("clericus operis," or "fabricae ecclesiae ") has a charge "pro novis organis in pulpit."

66 The windows are as follows: -

Lady Chapel...

••• 6

St. Gabriel's and St. M. Magdalene's...

... 4

Choir Aisles...

... 12

St James' and St. Andrew's Chapels...

... 5

East-end and Choir clerestory ...

... 15

West ends of Choir Aisles, and East-ends of Nave do.

... 4

South Transept, with St. John's Chapel ...

... 4

North do., with St. Paul's do....

... 5

St. Edmund's Chapel, and two in Exchequer...

... 3

First bay of Nave...

... 4


... 62

1. 67 Lady Chapel Windows. Fabric Roll 1317-18

"In 1 homine emendando fenestras in capell. B. Marias." "One man mending" (i.e. probably, making good the stone work, etc, to receive the glass), "the windows in the L, Chapel." "In 629 peys de albo vitro empt. apud Rotoma-gensem .œ15 4s. 9d. pro pede 6d. Item in 203 peys de colore œ10 3s. pro pede 1s." "For 629 feet of white (ie. grisaille) glass bought at Rouen œ15 4s. 9d., at 6d. per foot. Also for 203 feet of colour œ10 3s., at 1s. a foot." The quantity of glass (832 feet) is about enough to glaze the four lateral windows in the L. Chapel This is the first time we have any distinction made in the purchases between the plain or grisaille and the coloured glass. But now the borders and figure work (for such we know by the scanty remains, these windows were if the Lady Chapel is meant) is charged separately, at just twice the price of the grisaille: exactly the difference charged by some glass manufacturers now. The price of the glass is also much greater than that of the choir windows, which were 5 1/2d. or 6 1/2d a foot all through, This is probably due in part, to the greater richness of the glass, intended to be near the eye, and for the Lady Chapel: though the rise of prices (above Note 40) may also have progressed further since 1310. We can scarcely err in referring this entry to the Lady Chapel. The coloured glass is nearly one-fourth of the whole: a proportion usually observed henceforth.