This section is from the book "Modern Buildings, Their Planning, Construction And Equipment Vol5", by G. A. T. Middleton. Also available from Amazon: Modern Buildings.
The plan well shows the admirable quality of providing for the semi open-air life of a warm climate by the introduction of numerous verandahs, terraces, balconies, and exit doors and windows, while creating a well-balanced mass showing considerable character. The walls are constructed of golden brown bricks up to the first floor level, and above that they are hung with red wood shingles on brick nogging, the roof being covered with oak shingles.
The country residence shown in Figs. 187 and 188 has been recently erected from the designs of Messrs. Sydney Smith & Ogg, in a pastoral district remotely situated from the sources of building material supply. Opportunity was taken of the deposits of bluestone in the neighbourhood to quarry sufficient stone for the general walling work, the quoins and arches being of brick. The plan shows rooms of generous dimensions, the hall reaching up to the full two storeys of height. A billiard-room is looked upon as a very necessary adjunct of the isolated house of this class, while the distinctly Australian preference for ground-floor sleeping;apartments is seen in the rooms abutting on to the broad verandah. Generous storage is also required in country houses, and this has been supplemented in this case by a cool basement room. The servants quarters are so planned as to be cut off from and yet in touch with the main apartments, and the tower, though generally looked upon as a purely architectural feature, is often in these houses a very important look-out in times when the devastating and often fatal bush fires sweep the country. The height of the ground-floor rooms is 12 feet and of the first-floor apartments 11 feet. The lighting is by acetylene gas, and the sewerage is disposed of by the septic tank system.
Fig. 189 shows a large modern Australian country house, " Yalla-y-Poora," erected in the western district of Victoria from the designs of Messrs. Tombs & Durran. Liberal accommodation is provided in an L-shaped ground-floor plan fronted by a terraced verandah extending along the north-east front. From the verandah the hall is entered with fronting staircase and retiring-rooms to the right and dining-room to the left, the kitchen offices and servants' sleeping quarters being in the south-east wing. The first floor is arranged with one stair only, as servants have ground-floor accommodation, the various rooms on the north being well served with a wide balcony. The walls are of locally quarried stone.
The house shown in Fig. 190 is a doctor's town house situated on North Terrace in the city of Adelaide, South Australia, and occupying a north-west corner site; but town houses, as understood in England, are little known in Australia. This building, designed by Messrs. Garlick & Jackman, has given opportunity for special skill in arranging for two entrances, the medical one to the side street and the main entry from North Terrace. The medical rooms, consisting of consulting-room with examination-room and with two waiting-rooms to the south of the entrance passage, are self-contained and cut off in a measure from the dwelling house, though the patients' entrance is quite as easily reached by the servants as is the main doorway. The private entry is under a verandah, which protects the walls from the fierce northern sun, and through a small hall to the high staircase hall which serves the drawing-room having a northern aspect and dining-room with an eastern aspect (west being invariably hot); advantage being taken of eastern aspect generally for kitchen offices. The first floor contains good bedroom accommodation with cut-off servants' apartment. There is a naturalistic breaking up of the plan which finds picturesque expression in the elevations, and small balconies are provided off the bedrooms, a provision much needed in such a hot climate as Adelaide. The walls are of red brick, and the roof of imported slates, the woodwork being green and the dressings buff in colour, producing a pleasing harmony.
The flats, shown in Fig. 191, have been recently built, and are the first of their kind erected in the city of Melbourne. They comprise a large and commanding block of buildings in the main street. They are six storeys in height with sub-basement. Professional chambers are planned in the front block on either side of the central entrance, and embrace rooms on the ground floor and in basement for doctors, dentists, etc. Those facing internal areas are successfully lighted by internal mirrors. The central entrances give access to the residential chambers, which are entirely separated from the professional chambers.
The intention of the plan is to provide for three classes of tenants - or rather, to give tenants their option of the following -
1. They could provide entirely for themselves and keep their own servants.
2. Or have their meals served in their own rooms from serving pantries on each floor served by electric lifts from the general kitchen.
3. Or take their meals in a general dining saloon. About thirty well-lighted rooms are provided in the basements for servant and staff. There is a steep fall of land from front to back, making the basement practically a ground floor at rear. The suites range from two rooms, bath and w.c, to 11 rooms and conveniences. Balconies to Collins Street give well separated open-air accommodation. Electric lifts are fitted throughout, two being for passengers and six for food and parcels. Iron escape stairs are constructed outside at rear, and the corridor floors are fireproof. There is a roof garden over the front block. The general finishing is plain but in good taste, the whole of the treatment being in the new art manner, as also is the front, which is well balconied and with good shadow recessing, successfully surface treated in stucco. The architects for the work are Messrs. Inskip & Butler.