The accompanying plan of a Wool Shed (Fig. 231) is one that has lately been erected by Mr. Arthur Peck, F.R.V.I.A., of Melbourne, and is described as the centre-board plan, - that is, the shearers are placed on each side of the shearing board, - and is suitable for stations carrying from twenty to thirty thousand sheep. A great difference of opinion exists among station managers and sheep experts as to the best plan to be adopted. The building as shown stands about 4 feet from the ground-line to under side of floor joists, thus giving access for men to clean out the sheep droppings; while it also allows for chutes to be constructed from the shearing board, thus enabling the shearer to place a shorn sheep through a trap door, when it slides to the ground and runs into the counting pen. The materials used in its construction are red gum, box, Murray pine, and Oregon. Situated in a district where the depredations of the white ant are very bad, the whole of the timbers with the exception of the Murray pine have been dipped in a solution known as arenarius, this being a preparation that preserves the timber from the ravages of the ant. The Murray pine, which is used for flooring and foundation piles, will resist the ant. The whole of the roofs, also walls, are covered with galvanised corrugated iron.

Fig. 231. Woolshed Tocumwal New South Wales

Fig. 231. Woolshed Tocumwal New South Wales.

Fig. 232 illustrates an Australian wool shed of a smaller type at Narada, designed by Messrs. Laird & Barlow. The entrance for sheep is by means of an uprising race from the yards to the various pens which feed the shearing boards, which again have side gates to the outgoing races. In the woolroom are placed the sorting tables, bins, and presses, with large doors and a landing stage for the export of baled wool.

The demands of the bakery trade in Australia have required the designing and erection of a large number of well-equipped Bakeries, ranging from the one-oven bakery of the bush town or suburban shop to the extensive bakeries of large manufacturing firms. The one shown in Fig. 233 has been designed by Mr. Charles Kirkham and Mr. F. W. Thomas, architects, and is situated in Prahran (a suburb of Melbourne), to meet the requirements of a large catering business.

Fig. 232. Woolshed Narada Victoria

Fig. 232. Woolshed "Narada" Victoria.


There are spacious and lofty working apartments on the ground floor, brick paved and equipped for the various processes of manufacture, one room being specially set apart for confectionery. There are six ovens in all, in pairs, two being patent Stelda ovens imported from Dusseldorf, the others being brick furnace ovens. The spaces over the ovens up to the first floor have been made available for drying purposes required by the manufacturers, while there is large first-floor storage accommodation. In conjunction with the bakery proper, there is a shop and dwelling house, besides stabline and washing: yards somewhat detached.

Miscellaneous Buildings Part 4 292

Fig. 233.

Memorials Soon after the commencement of the late South African War, when it was found that the irregular soldiers of the " Britains over the Seas" were well fitted to successfully oppose the tactics of the enemy, a great wave of patriotic enthusiasm resulted in the despatch of colonial troops to fight side by side with those from the mother country. To commemorate the fact that they so fought, and that, fighting, many of them fell, monuments and memorials have since been erected in the various centres. The particular one selected for illustration, that in St. Kilda Road, Melbourne, designed by Mr. G. de Lacy Evans, F.R.V.I.A. (see Fig. 234), is situated in the most beautiful and important avenue to the city, and immediately opposite the Metropolitan Barracks and Military Headquarters.

It is a purely architectural memorial, rising to a height of over 40 feet; and is original in conception and treatment. Being an equilateral triangle on plan, the three faces are identical in design, differing in detail only; but every other point of view calls up unexpected effects of light and shade and grouping. It is constructed of a beautifully wrought rich brown sandstone (Pyrmont) on a bluestone (basaltic) base, with tablets of cast bronze. The details and carvings of conventional Australian foliage are very finely executed.

Miscellaneous Buildings Part 4 293

Fig. 234.