Friezes, Frontons, Etc

Friezes and frontons are perhaps the most extensively used terra-cotta ornaments, and they are made in all styles: simple, original, with human figures or allegorical designs (Figs. 660, 661, 662, 663, 665, 667), etc. The same may be said of frontons; Figs, 644 to 646 represent those executed by Muller for the pavilion of the city of Paris at the Exhibition of 1878. They are formed of a larger or lesser number of pieces according to their magnitude.

Friezes Frontons Etc 235

Fig. 676.

Fig. 677.

Fig. 678.

Fig. 679.

Friezes Frontons Etc 236

Fig. 680.

Fig. 681.

Friezes Frontons Etc 237

Fig. 682.

Figs. 676 to 682. Terra-cottas by Villeroy and Boch (Metllach).

Friezes are either fixed to the masonry, or supported by other means, according to circumstances. The "Frise des Enfants" at the Exhibition of 1889 (Fig. 684) was held by iron rods which were fixed into the terra-cotta and connected by rivets to the metallic framework.

Terra-Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais Dbs Beaux-Arts Et Des Arts Liberaux At The Exhibition Of 1889

Fig. 684.

Fig. 685.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 238

Fig. 686.

Fig. 687.

Fig. 688.

Fig. 684. Frise des Enfants. Fig. 685. - Porch Medallion. Fig. 686. - Terra-cotta Frieze with Gold Ground.

Fig. 687. Balustrade on the First Floor. Fig- 688 - Terra-cotta Design with Gold Ground.

Friezes, cornices, etc., can also be made of small parts. The firm of Gilardoni Brothers has reproduced the principal types of decorated bricks in use in the 14th and 15th centuries in Italy, the South of France, and Germany. Figs. 692 to 697 show some of these elements, and Figs. 689 to 691 the applications which can be made of them.

It is to be hoped that this reproduction will be followed by the manufacture of new types, harmonising with our modern tastes.

Fig. 689.

Fig. 690.

Fig. 691.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 239

Fig. 692.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 240

Fig. 693.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 241

Fig. 694.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 242

Fig. 695.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 243

Fig. 696.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 244

Fig. 697.

Terra Cottas Executed By Lcebnitz For The Palais D 245

Figs. 689 to 697. - Specimens of Decorative Pottery (Gilardoni freres).

Pinnacles are made of pottery in the most varied styles: they may depict animals, bunches of flowers, and all kinds of patterns, according to the purpose of the building.

Medallions, Panels, Rosework, Etc

It is from these that the architect draws largely for decorating buildings. All forms, all types, all styles, may be put under contribution, and, what is still more interesting, the artist of talent may easily invent new models which will give his work a personal character, and create novelties instead of repeating the commonplace.

The roses of various forms and sizes (Figs. 655, 657), the round medallions (Figs. 643, 647, 685), the panels (Figs. 656, 667, 670, 673, 674, 675), the scrolls (Fig. 680), and knobs, are so many opportunities of decoration placed at the disposal of the architect The porch of the Palais des Arts Liberaux at the Exhibition of 1889, was adorned with magnificent panels representing figures designed by Michel (Plate II).

(b) In the interior of buildings we find numerous applications terra-cotta ceiling (Perrusson) of terra-cotta, especially in ceilings supported by I-shaped iron girders. These ceilings are formed of panels of various shapes and dimensions, and more or less decorated. The arrangement of the panels depends entirely upon the taste of the architect. Figs. 698, 699, and 700 show a simple arrangement; the panel is composed of two parts (Fig. 698), with overlapping join and resting upon the I-shaped iron bars; in the middle is a rose. When complete, the ceiling is as shown in Fig. 700.

Fig. 698.


Fig. 698. Panel.

Fig. 699.

Section of Ceiling.

Fig. 699. Section of Ceiling.

Fig. 700.

Fig. 700. Application.

Unpolished terra-cotta may also be used for making very pretty chimneypieces for rooms in plain (Fig. 864) or decorated style as desired.

2. With regard to terra-cottas such as garden borders, vases and flower-stands, and statues, they belong, with the exception of the first-named, to the domain of artistic and sculptural pottery, and have only a distant connection with architecture proper.