This section is from the book "Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography", by J. B. Schriever. Also available from Amazon: Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography.
Bust Pictures Of Boys. When making bust pictures of boys, do not make the image too large. A head too large will give them the appearance of advanced age. The size of the head is determined by the size of the boy and his build. If stout he will require a larger head than if of slim figure. Bust pictures of boys of slender form may be improved by making front views of the figure. This will cause them to appear broader shouldered. Of course the face can be arranged in any desired position. The best effects are produced when the face and figure are placed at different angles to the camera. Turn the head to one side or the other, but allow the figure to face the instrument.
Use Of Vignettcr. By the intelligent use of the vignetter, attached to the camera, many obstacles can be overcome. For instance, a narrow-shouldered person can be made to appear broader by vignetting the waist short; and, on the other hand, a stout person or one with broad shoulders, may be made to appear of more normal size by vignetting lower, giving a longer waist effect.
484. Particularly, with pictures of girls, the vignetter is almost indispensable. For instance, a girl dressed in a fluffy waist and large sleeves requires to show a longer waist, or, in other words, a lower vignetting of the waist, in the picture, than if dressed in a close-fitting or plain waist. With this latter you would vignette higher on the picture, giving the effect of a shorter waist and lending plumpness to the figure. If the subject be plum]), however, the vignetter should cut the figure lower, regardless of the style of costume, and thus give a long-waisted effect, or slenderness.
485. Where two-thirds standing figures are to be made, the appearance of the subject can he improved in a like manner by vignetting as low, or high, as desired to give proper proportion. The higher the vignetting is carried the broader the subject will appear, while by vignetting low the effect of length is produced. In using the vignetter exercise care to blend the tone of the vignetting board in with the background, and so have both blend, or melt, together.
Illustrations Of Juvenile Portraiture. In Illustration No. 62 is a full length figure of a girl of ten years. Observe the careless, girlish attitude of the little subject. Holding her hat in one hand, the other resting on her hip, she presents a very natural and easy pose. Note the position of the feet. They are spread sufficiently to give an effect of ease, avoiding the suggestion of posing for a picture. In fact, the child appears to have been walking along the corridor, and observing something before her, instinctively halted. The expression is that of expectancy. The hat hanging at the side denotes the careless girlisheasy and not at all awkward. The hand, with the thumb in the trouser pocket, appears natural. The boy being of a rather slender build and quite tall, would appear ungainly and all legs if posed full length. For this reason a half-length picture was made. Observe the position of the right hand, holding the cap. The entire effect is perfectly natural, making up the kind of a picture that will always please.
Illustration No. 62. A Simple Juvenile Figure Study.
See Paragraph No. 486.
Illustration No. 63. Juvenile Studies.
See Paragraph No. 487.
490. In Fig. D is presented a bust picture, with soft lighting and simple position. The child's face being rather broad, better proportions were obtained by taking a side view. The curls hanging about the neck and over the shoulder also assist in adding length to the face The child's expression denotes a quiet, sober, kind disposition. A truthful portrait of a beautiful child.
491. In Fig. E is presented a characteristic picture of a girl of twelve years, gowned in sailor suit. The simplicity of the dress required an extremely simple pose. Ob-Observe the position of the hands, both differently arranged. yet simple and suitable to the subject - a characteristic pose for children in sailor suits, whether boy or girl.
492. In Fig. F, the bust picture of the young man, observe the figure is slightly turned to one side, with the face almost fronting the camera. The lighting is soft, the position natural and easy, and the expression a speaking one. This figure offers a good example of juvenile portraiture in bust form.
493. In Fig. G is presented a most suitable position for a two-thirds figure. In this illustration the girl is leaning on her elbows, resting on the arm of the chair in a most natural and careless manner. Observe the position of the hands; while they have been carefully posed, they appear natural and rather carelessly placed. The hand nearest the camera is slightly turned to avoid exposing the broad side. The braid of hair hanging over the shoulder does not look at all posed, or purposely arranged. The body leaning forward over the arm of the chair lends the subject a restful attitude. While this is a very simple pose, it is a natural and pleasing one. The expression is sober, but neither serious nor sad. For this subject the expression is more natural and characteristic than a smiling or laughing one. This subject, being a slender, tall figure, would not make a satisfactory full length standing figure portrait. Another example of child portraiture is shown in Illustration No. 64. It gives a further suggestion for posing such subjects.
Illustration No. 64. A Juvenile Pose.
See Paragraph No. 493.
PORTRAIT STUDY Study No. 23-See Page 579, Vol. VIII A. L. Bowersox.