In an article on Cameras, in the first part of this work, we have given a very accurate description of the View Camera for professional photographers.
The View Camera, as manufactured for amateurs, is smaller, lighter and more compact, and, in many cases, more highly finished and ornamented than those made to stand the rough usage of hard work.
Beginning with the smallest, we have the Detective Camera,
This Camera is focussed once for all by means of a ground glass which slides in the place to be afterwards occupied by the double dry-plate holder, for objects of various distances, and the position of the focussing lever on top of the Camera is marked for each distance. After this the ground glass may be entirely dispensed with, as it is then only necessary to estimate the distance of the object to be photographed, and move the focussing lever to the mark corresponding to that distance, when the Camera will obviously be in focus.
Schmid's Patent Detective Camera. Patented January 2d, 1883.
The small lens in the upper left-hand corner serves to throw the picture on a piece of ground glass on the top of the Camera, thus showing the position of the image on the plate. When the picture appears in proper position on this ground glass, it is only necessary to touch the button on the right of the Camera, and the exposure of the plate is instantly made, its development being afterward accomplished in the ordinary manner.
The slide is then replaced in the plate-holder, which, being reversed, the shutter reset and the other slide drawn out, everything is ready for the next shot.
This Camera is made to carry in the hand, and is held against the side under the arm while exposures are made. A tripod or stand is not required. The plate-holders are carried in a small satchel, with a strap passing over the shoulder. The new sensitive paper film, however, obviates the necessity of carrying more than one holder, which will contain a band on which may be made 24 exposures, and which is of no greater weight than one of the double holders when filled with 2 glass plates.
This Camera is calculated to make pictures 3¼ by 4 ¼ inches in size, and they are technically called quarter plate size.
This little Camera is the neatest, nattiest and altogether nicest Camera of its kind ever made. When folded it measures 5x5x3½ inches, and can readily be put in an ordinary hand-grip, or may even be carried in the overcoat pocket. It weighs only 14¼ ounces, and the holders are correspondingly light and compact.
For 3¼ x 4¼ Plate.
It has a sliding front, hinged ground glass, and folding bed, which is provided with a novel arrangement for fixing it in position, enabling the operator to adjust it in a few seconds. It is made of mahogany, with a new hard finish, flexible bellows and brass mountings, making a remarkably elegant little instrument.
As the plate is the same size as those used with magic lanterns, slides may be made from them by contact printing in an ordinary printing frame. By using rapid printing paper in connection with the enlarging lantern, the pictures may be made as large as desired. For tourists, to whom weight and bulk are objections, this Camera is of especial value.
The in roduction of the Schmid Detective Camera was a pronounced success. The popular favor with which it was received stimulated the manufacturers to greater exertions to supply a perfect and effective instrument, against which no objections whatever could possibly be raised. With this object in view, they have placed on the market
In outward appearance, and to the ordinary observer, this latest modification of the Detective Camera looks exactly like an alligator hand-satchel that is carried by a shoulder-strap at the side of the pedestrian. Upon closer observation, one sees that it consists of an artfully concealed Detective Camera, in which all the various movements to secure a picture are situated upon the under side. For use, the Camera is held so that the base of the satchel rests against the body of the operator. By means of a brass pull at the side the shutter is set. A plate in the regular holder is placed in position at the back of the Camera, and the slide is drawn ready for exposure. The release of a short catch exposes the front of the shutter ready for action, and by raising a small leather-covered lid the little camera obscura, called the finder, on the (now) upper side of the Camera, shows the position that the object will occupy on the plate. The slightest touch upon a small brass button releases the shutter, and the exposure is made. Replacing the slide in the plate-holder, reversing the holder, and setting the shutter again, leaves the apparatus in readiness for another shot, when the plate-holder slide is withdrawn as before.
Anthony's Patent Satchel Detective Camera
By removing a screw that takes the place of the spring lock of an ordinary satchel, the Camera proper can be removed from its cover, and a tripod screw serves to attach the Camera to a tripod (or ordinary use.
This last form of the Detective Camera allows the operator to carry with him twelve plates in the interior of the apparatus, and so carefully packed away that no light can strike them. It is also furnished with an ingenious attachment by which the speed of the shutter can be regulated to suit the speed of the object, moving with greater or less velocity; while, by simply releasing a catch, time exposures can be made at the will of the operator. In fact the whole affair is the latest achievement in ingenious and compact light photographic apparatus.
Camera Showing The Detachment Of Satchel.
The manufacturers of these goods, for the convenience of those at a distance who might desire to order by mail, have classified,and catalogued these outfits of the various sizes as view equipments, and have numbered them from 1 upwards.
Equipment No. I.
Stained Camera, for making pictures vertically or horizontally, measuring 4x5 inches, with one double dry-plate holder, fine single achromatic lens, improved tripod, and carrying case.
This is called the $10 equipment, and by which very beautiful and perfect work may be done, examples of which, as negatives and transparencies, may be seen at the warerooms, and only need to be seen to be admired. For a complete descriptive catalogue of these goods, send to Messrs. E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.