SEC. 44. Any officer, agent, or servant of a carrier, who with intent to defraud issues or aids in issuing a bill knowing that all or any part of the goods for which such bill is issued have not been received by such carrier, or by an agent of such carrier or by a connecting carrier, or are not under the carrier's control at the time of issuing such bill, shall be guilty of a crime, and upon conviction shall be punished for each offense by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by both.

SEC. 45. Any officer, agent, or servant of a carrier, who with intent to defraud issues or aids in issuing a bill for goods knowing that it contains any false statement, shall be guilty of a crime, and upon conviction shall be punished for each offense by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both.

SEC. 46. Any officer, agent, or servant of a carrier, who with intent to defraud issues or aids in issuing a duplicate or additional negotiable bill for goods in violation of the provisions of section 7, knowing that a former negotiable bill for the same goods or any part of them is outstanding and uncancelled, shall be guilty of a crime, and upon conviction shall be punished for each offense by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by both.

SEC. 47. Any person who ships goods to which he has not title, or upon which there is a lien or mortgage, and who takes for such goods a negotiable bill which he afterwards negotiates for value with intent to deceive and without disclosing his want of title or the existence of the lien or mortgage, shall be guilty of a crime, and upon conviction shall be punished for each offense by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both.

SEC. 48. Any person who with intent to deceive negotiates or transfers for value a bill knowing that any or all of the goods which by the terms of such bill appears to have been received for transportation by the carrier which issued the bill, are not in the possession or control of such carrier, or of a connecting carrier, without disclosing this fact, by causing said fact to be endorsed shall be guilty of a crime, and upon conviction shall be punished for each offense by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or by both.

SEC. 49. Any person who with intent to defraud secures the issue by a carrier of a bill knowing that at the time of such issue, any or all of the goods described in such bill as received for transportation have not been received by such carrier, or an agent of such carrier or a connecting carrier, or are not under the carrier's control, by inducing an officer, agent, or servant of such carrier falsely to believe that such goods have been received by such carrier, or are under its control, shall be guilty of a crime, and upon conviction shall be punished for each offense by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by both.

SEC. 50. Any person who with intent to defraud issues or aids in issuing a non-negotiable bill without the words "not negotiable" placed plainly upon the face thereof, shall be guilty of a crime, and upon conviction shall be punished for each offense by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding five years or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by both.

SEC. 51. In any case not provided for in this Act the rules of law and equity, including the law merchant, and in particular the rules relating to the law of principal and agent, executors, administrators and trustees, and to effect of fraud, misrepresentation, duress or coercion, accident, mistake, bankruptcy, or other invalidating cause, shall govern.

SEC. 52. This Act shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it

SEC. 53. (1) In this Act, unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires "Action" includes counter claim, set-off, and suit in equity.

"Bill" means bill of lading.

"Consignee" means the person named in the bill as the person to whom delivery of the goods is to be made.

"Consignor" means the person named in the bill as the person from whom the goods have been received for shipment.

"Goods" means merchandise or chattels in course of transportation, or which have been or are about to be transported.

"Holder" or a bill means a person who has both actual possession of such bill and a right of property therein.

"Order" means an order by indorsement on the bill.

"Owner" does not include mortgagee or pledgee.

"Person" includes a corporation or partnership or two or more persons having a joint or common interest.

To "purchase" includes to take as mortgagee and to take as pledgee.

"Purchaser" includes mortgagee and pledgee.

"Value" is any consideration sufficient to support a simple contract. An antecedent or pre-existing obligation, whether for money or not, constitutes value where a bill is taken either in satisfaction thereof or as security therefor.

(2) A thing is done "in good faith," within the meaning of this Act, when it is in fact done honestly, whether it be done negligently or not.

SEC. 54. The provisions of this Act do not apply to bills made and delivered prior to the taking effect thereof.

SEC. 55. All Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed.

SEC. 56. This Act may be cited as the Uniform Bills of Lading Act.