(Adopted in Alaska, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, United States.)

Secs.

1-10. Issue of bills of lading. 11-27. Obligations and rights of carriers upon their bills of lading. 28-43. Negotiation and transfer of bills. 44-50. Criminal offenses. 51-56. Interpretation.

Section 1. Bills of lading issued by any common carrier shall be governed by this Act.

SEC. 2. Every bill must embody within its written or printed terms:

(a) The date of its issue,

(b) The name of the person from whom the goods have been received,

(c) The place where the goods have been received.

(d) The place to which the goods are to be transported,

(e) A statement whether the goods received will be delivered to a specified person, or to the order of a specified person,

(f) A description of the goods or of the packages containing them which may, however, be in such general terms as are referred to in section 23, and

(g) The signature of the carrier.

A negotiable bill shall have the words "order of" printed thereon immediately before the name of the person upon whose order the goods received are deliverable.

A carrier shall be liable to any person injured thereby for the damage caused by the omission from a negotiable bill of any of the provisions required in this section.

SEC. 3. A carrier may insert in a bill, issued by him, any other terms and conditions, provided that such terms and conditions shall not (a) Be contrary to law or public policy, or

(b) In any wise impair his obligation to exercise at least that degree of care in the transportation and safe-keeping of the goods entrusted to him which a reasonably careful man would exercise in regard to similar goods of his own.

SEC. 4. A bill in which it is stated that the goods are consigned or destined to a specified person, is a non-negotiable or straight bill.

SEC. 5. A bill in which it is stated that the goods are consigned or destined to the order of any person named in such bill, is a negotiable or order bill.

Any provision in such a bill that it is non-negotiable shall not affect its negotiability within the meaning of this Act.

SEC. 6. Negotiable bills issued in this State for the transportation of goods to any place in the United States on the continent of North America, except Alaska, shall not be issued in parts or sets.

If so issued the carrier issuing them shall be liable for failure to deliver the goods described therein to any one who purchases a part for value in good faith, even though the purchase be after the delivery of the goods by the carrier to a holder of one of the other parts.

SEC. 7. When more than one negotiable bill is issued in this State for the same goods to be transported to any place in the United States on the continent of North America, except Alaska, the word "duplicate" or some other word or words indicating that the document is not an original bill shall be placed plainly upon the face of every such bill, except the one first issued. A carrier shall be liable for the damage caused by his failure so to do to any one who has purchased the bill for value in good faith as an original, even though the purchase be after the delivery of the goods by the carrier to the holder of the original bill.

SEC. 8. A non-negotiable bill shall have placed plainly upon its face by the carrier issuing it "non-negotiable" or "not negotiable."

This section shall not apply, however, to memoranda or acknowledgments of an informal character.

SEC. 9. The insertion in a negotiable bill of the name of the person to be notified of the arrival of the goods shall not limit the negotiability of the bill, or constitute notice to a purchaser thereof of any rights or equities of such person in the goods.

SEC. 10. Except as otherwise provided in this Act, where a consignor receives a bill and makes no objection as hereinafter provided to its terms or conditions, neither the consignor or any person who accepts delivery of the goods, or any person who seeks to enforce any provision of the bill, shall be allowed to deny that he is bound by such terms and conditions, so far as they are not contrary to law or public policy.

SEC. 11. A carrier, in the absence of some lawful excuse, is bound to deliver goods upon the demand made either by the consignee named in the bill for the goods, or if the bill is negotiable, by the holder thereof, if such demand is accompanied by(a) An offer in good faith to satisfy the carrier's lawful lien upon the goods,

(b) An offer in good faith to surrender, properly indorsed, the bill which was issued for the goods, if the bill is negotiable and

(c) A readiness and willingness to sign, when the goods are delivered, an acknowledgment that they have been delivered, if such signature is requested by the carrier.

In case the carrier refuses or fails to deliver the goods in compliance with a demand by the consignee or holder so accompanied, the burden shall be upon the carrier to establish the existence of a lawful excuse for such refusal or failure.

SEC. 12. A carrier is justified, subject to the provisions of the three following sections, in delivering goods to one who is (a) A person lawfully entitled to the possession of the goods, or

(b) The consignee named in a non-negotiable bill for the goods, or

(c) A person in possession of a negotiable bill for the goods by the terms of which the goods are deliverable to his order, or which has been endorsed to him or in blank by the consignee or by the mediate or immediate indorsee of the consignee.

SEC. 13. Where a carrier delivers goods to one who is not lawfully entitled to the possession of them, the carrier shall be liable to any one having a right of property or possession in the goods if he delivered the goods otherwise than as authorized by subdivisions (b) and (c) of the preceding section; and, though he delivered the goods as authorized by either of said subdivisions, he shall be so liable if prior to such delivery he (a) Had been requested, by or on behalf of a person having a right of property or possession in the goods, not to make such delivery, or