47. What was the history of the estate in fee simple?

48. What words were necessary to create a fee at common law? Are they still necessary? If a deed was made merely to "John Doe" at common law, what sort of estate did John Doe get?

49. A transfers land to B for life, and after B's death, with remainder to B's heirs. B makes a deed purporting to convey the fee to C. After B's death, his heirs claim the land under the deed from A. Who is right? Why?

50. Suppose in the same case, A had deeded to B and after B's death with remainder to B's children, would your answer be the same? Why?

51. Define and illustrate a "base fee."

52. At early common law before the statute de donis if A gave land to B and the heirs of B by his wife Mary, (a) what was the estate called? (b) How could B get the fee? (c) If B did not convey and on his death left no heirs by his wife Mary, where did the estate go? (d) If he did leave such heirs, did they get the estate? (e) What was the purpose of the statute de donis? (f) By whose influence was its enactment procured? (g) What was the effect of the gift above described after the statute de donis? (h) How did the courts ultimately virtually overcome the effect of that statute?

Chapter Nine

53. Define dower. Can a husband lawfully defeat his wife of dower? Is it necessary that the wife be named as a grantee in the deed in order that she may have dower?

54. How is dower waived? If a wife is divorced, does she thereby lose dower in her husband's real estate?

55. What is assignment of dower?

56. Define curtesy. Was birth of child necessary to curtesy? Dower?

Chapter Ten

57. What is a conventional life estate? What is an estate per auter vie?

58. What use can tenant for life make of the estate?

59. What is waste? Voluntary waste; permissive waste?

60. What is meant by saying a tenant is unimpeachable for waste? What is equitable waste?

61. A tenant for life is about to clear timber off of a part of the land. Can the remainderman prevent?

62. A tenant for life wishes to pull down an old store building and erect a modern skyscraper thereon. Can the remainderman prevent?

63. A is a life tenant. B is lessee of certain of the property with rents payable half yearly on the first of January and July in each year. A dies December 31st. Do the rents go to A's estate, or to the remainderman C?

64. D in his will gives his estate to T as trustee to hold the estate in trust to pay the income during A's life and after A's death to transfer the estate to B. In the trust estate there are some bonds worth 90% of par. These bonds increase in value to par. Who is entitled to increase as between A and B? If A dies between interest days will the interest be apportioned?

65. Who, as between life tenant and remainderman, is entitled to dividends on stock? Suppose the dividends are earned during the life tenancy, but not declared until after his death, is the life tenant's estate entitled?

66. What is liability of life tenant for taxes? For special assessments ?

67. Is a life tenant liable for interest on the incumbrances on the estate? The principal?

Chapter Eleven

68. Define estate for years; from year to year; estate at will.

69. T has a lease from L for one year. After the year T stays in possession. What rights has L?

70. Suppose in above case L receives rent from T for the first month. He then advises T he will raise the rent. Has he a right to do this?

71. Must there be a written lease to create a tenancy?

72. How is rent usually provided to be payable?

73. A rents a flat which is to be heated by steam by the landlord. The landlord does not furnish heat as agreed. Must A pay the rent? Would he be justified in vacating?

74. What is actual eviction? Constructive eviction? In the latter case must the tenant actually vacate?

75. A rents a house from L. He finds it full of vermin. Will this justify him abandoning the premises?

76. A rents a flat to B and retains care of the halls. He allows them to become dilapidated and B is injured by a loose board. What are B's rights?

77. A rents a house to B under which there is a defective sewer from which gas escapes. A knows of this defect but B does not and B's family are made ill. Has B any right against A?

78. What care must a tenant give to the premises? While a tenant is in possession of the premises they are injured by fire. Must the tenant replace the injury?

79. If a lease expires at a certain day, must either landlord or tenant give notice of termination?

80. If a tenancy is from year to year how can it be terminated ? From month to month?

81. If a tenant fails to pay rent, can the landlord terminate the tenancy ?

82. A rents a dwelling house from B. It burns down. Does this abate the rent or terminate the lease?

Chapter Twelve

83. A conveys to B for life with remainder to C and his heirs. What is C's estate called?

84. In the above case, if C is alive does the estate vest in him at once or in futuro? Suppose C dies before B, does this destroy the remainder?

85. What is a contingent remainder?

86. Can there be a remainder without a particular estate? Why?

87. What is the rule against perpetuities?

88. What is meant by an estate in reversion?

89. Define executory devise.

Chapter Thirteen

90. Define estate in severalty.

91. A is grantor in a deed, conveying land to B, C and D. What is their title? Is B entitled to partition? Suppose the land cannot be divided to any advantages, what will be done?

92. Suppose in the above case, before partition, B dies, does C, and D get B's title, or does it go to his heirs or devisees?

93. What is a joint tenancy? How does it differ from a tenancy in common?

94. Define estate in coparcenary.