Same - Publication Of Libel

Since it is a civil wrong to publish a libelous book or article, even when it does not constitute a crime, an agreement contemplating such a publication is illegal. No action will lie, therefore, to recover compensation for printing or publishing a libelous book, or for breach of a contract to print or publish it, or on an agreement to indemnify against liability for publishing it.15 In

Pennock's Appeal, 14 Pa. 446, 53 Am. Dec. 561; Staines v. Shore, 16 Pa. 200, 55 Am. Dec. 492. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 120; Cent. Dig. § 654,.

12 Otherwise if the bidder, though employed by one interested in the sale, can be compelled by the auctioneer to take the property. McMillan v. Harris, 110 Ga. 72, 35 S. E. 334, 48 L. R. A. 345, 78 Am. St. Rep. 93. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 120; 'Cent. Dig. § 654.

13Gibbs v. Smith, 115 Mass. 592; Ray v. Mackin, 100 I11. 246; Doolin v. Ward, 6 Johns. (N. Y.) 194; Atcheson v. Mallon, 43 N. Y. 147, 3 Am. Rep. 678; Barton v. Benson, 126 Pa. 431, 17 Atl. 642, 12 Am. St, Rep. 883; Gardiner v. Morse, 25 Me. 140; Goldman v. Oppenheim, 118 Ind. 95, 20 N. B. 635; Wooten v. Hinkle, 20 Mo. 290; Atlas Nat. Bank v. Holm, 71 Fed. 489, 19 C. C. A. 94; De Baun v. Brand, 60 N. J. Law, 283, 37 Atl. 726; Hallam v. Huffman, 5 Kan. App. 303, 48 Pac. 602; McClelland v. Bank, 60 Neb. 90, 82 N. W. 319. A contract made by a purchaser at a judicial sale, before confirmation, to sell his bargain to another at an advanced price, is illegal. Camp v. Bruce, 96 Va. 521, 31 S. E. 901, 43 L. R. A. 146, 70 Am. St. Rep. 873. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 119; Cent. Dig. §§ 654-658.

14 Gibbs v. Smith, 115 Mass. 592; Smith v. Ulman, 58 Md. 183, 42 Am. Rep. 329; Phippen v. Stickney, 3 Metc. (Mass.) 388; Garrett v. Moss, 20 I11. 549; Marie v. Garrison, 83 N. Y. 14; Smull v. Jones, 1 Watts & S. (Pa.) 128; Id., 6 Watts & S. (Pa.) 122; Jenkins v. Frink, 30 Cal. 5S6, 89 Am. Dec. 134; Kearney v. Taylor, 15 How. 494, 14 L. Ed. 787; Wicker v. Hoppock, 6 Wall. 94, 18 L. Ed. 752; Barnes v. Morrison, 97 Va. 372, 34 S. E. 93; Henderson v. Henrie, 61 W. Va. 183, 56 S. E. 369, 11 Ann. Cas. 741; Fidelity Ins. & Safe-Deposit Co. v. Railway Co. (C. C.) 98 Fed. 475 (agreement by bondholders to purchase on foreclosure). A contract violating the state constitution is void. San Antonio Irr. Co. v. Deutschmann, 102 Tex. 201, 105 S. W. 486, 114 S. W. 1174. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 119; Cent. Dig. §§ 654-658.

15 Shackell v. Rosier, 2 Bing. N. C. 634; ATKINS v. JOHNSON, 43 Vt 78, order to render such a contract illegal, "It should appear that there was an intention on the part of the author and publisher to write and publish libelous matter; or that the author proposed, with the knowledge and acquiescence of the publisher, to write libelous matter; or that the contract on its face provided for or promoted an illegal act." 16