Same - Agreements Tending To Injure The Public Service

156. Among the agreements which are illegal as tending to injure the public service may be mentioned - (a) Agreements for the sale of, or other traffic in, a public office, or its emoluments.

32 Hartford Fire Ins. Co. v. Chicago, M. & St. P. Ry. Co., 70 Fed. 202, 17 C. C. A. 62, 30 L. R. A. 193. And see Picket Pub. Co. v. Carbon County Com'rs, 36 Mont. 188, 92 Pac. 524, 13 L. R. A. (N. S.) 1115, 122 Am. St. Rep. 352, 12 Ann. Cas. 986; Mut. Life Ins. Co. of New York v. Durden, 9 Ga. App. 797, 72 S. E. 295. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 108; Cent. Dig. §§ 498-511.

33 Smith v. Du Bose, 78 Ga. 413, 435, 3 S. E. 309, 6 Am. St. Rep. 260; Cox v. Hughes, 10 Cal. App. 553, 102 Pac. 956; Couch v. Hutchinson, 2 Ala. App. 444, 57 South. 75 (contract for sale of right to vend patent churn sustained); Electrova Co. v. Spring Garden Ins. Co., 156 N. C. 232, 72 S. E. 300, 35 L.. R. A. (N. S.) 1216; Hall v. O'Neil Turpentine Co., 56 Fla. 324, 47 South. 609, 16 Ann. Cas. 738. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 108; Cent. Dig. §§ 498-511.

34 Craig v. United States Health & Accident Ins. Co., 80 S. C. 1, 61 S. E. 423, 18 L. R. A. (N. S.) 106, 128 Am. St. Rep. 877, 15 Ann. Cas. 216. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 108; Cent. Dig. §§ 498-511.

35 Baltimore Humane Impartial Soc. & Aged Women's & Aged Men's Homes v. Pierce, 100 Md. 520, 60 Atl. 277, 70 L. R. A. 485. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 108; Cent. Dig. §§ 498-511.

36 Sherman v. Burton, 165 Mich. 293, 130 N. W. 667, 33 L. R. A. (N. S.) 87; Noble v. Davison, 177 Ind. 19, 96 N. E. 325. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 102; Cent. Dig. §§ 462-467.

37 Sheppey v. Stevens (C. C.) 177 Fed. 484. And see Richardson v. Cran-dall, 48 N. Y. 348, 362; McMullen v. Hoffman, 174 U. S. 639, 19 Sup. Ct. 839, 43 L. Ed. 1117. See "Contracts," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 102; Cent. Dig. §§ 462-467.

(b) Agreements by public officers for greater pay than is fixed by law for performance of official duty; or for less pay where the services are yet to be performed.

(c) Assignment of his future salary, and, under some circumstances, of his pension, by a public officer.

(d) Agreements to influence legislation by personal solicitation of the legislators, or other objectionable means.

(e) Agreements to procure administrative action by public officers by corrupt means. Some, but not all, courts hold that any agreement by a third person, for a compensation, to procure such action, is illegal, because of its tendency to introduce corrupt means.

(f) Agreements by public or quasi public corporations which interfere with their performance of the duties which they owe to the public.

As the public has an interest in the proper performance of their duty by public officers, and would be prejudiced by agreements tending to impair an officer's efficiency, or otherwise interfere with the due execution of the duties of the office, such agreements are contrary to public policy and void.38