Same - Void And Voidable

It has been held by some courts that the deed of an insane person,24 or a power of attorney or other appointment of an agent,25 is absolutely void. In most jurisdictions, however, no distinction is made in this respect between the deed of an insane person and that of an infant. It is held to be voidable, and not void.28 As an almost universal rule, all his contracts other than valid ones are not void, but simply voidable at his option;27 and they are binding on the other party if he elects to hold him.28

22 Bish. Cont. § 968; Massachusetts General Hospital v. Fairbanks, 129 Mass. 78, 37 Am. Rep. 303; Id., 132 Mass. 414. See "Insane Persons," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 75; Cent. Dig. §§ 89, 128, '129.

23 McCrillis v. Bartlett, 8 N. H. 569; Sawyer v. Lufkin, 56 Me. 308; Re-ando v. Misplay, 90 Mo. 251, 2 S. W. 405, 59 Am. Rep. 13; Baxter v. Portsmouth, 5 Barn. & C. 170; Fruitt' v. Anderson, 12 I11. App. 421. See "Insane Persons," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 75; Cent. Dig. §§ 89, 12S, 129.

24 Van Deusen v. Sweet, 51 N. T. 378 (but see Ingraham v. Baldwin, 9 N. Y. 45); Rogers v. Blackwell, 49 Mich. 192, 13 N. W. 512; In re Estate of Desilver, 5 Rawle (Pa.) Ill, 28 Am. Dec. 645; Farley v. Parker, 6 Or. 105, 25 Am. Rep. 504; Goodyear v. Adams, 52 Hun, 612, 5 N. Y. Supp. 275; Brown v. Miles, 61 Hun. 453, 16 N. Y. Supp. 251; Elder v. Schumacher, 18 Colo. 433, 33 Pac. 175; Thompson v. Leach, 3 Salk. 300; Edwards v. Davenport (G. C.) 20 Fed. 756. See "Insane Persons," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 61; Cent. Dig. §§ 93-99.

25 Dexter v. Hall, 15 Wall. 9, 21 L. Ed. 73. And see Marvin v. Inglis, 39 How. Prac. (N. Y.) 329; Plaster v. Rigney, 97 Fed. 12, 38 C. C. A. 25; Mc-Clun v. McClun, 176 I11. 376, 52 N. E. 928. But see Williams v. Sopieha, 94 Tex. 430, 61 S. W. 115; Tiffany, Ag. 98. See "Insane Persons," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 61; Cent. Dig. §§ 98-99.

26 HOVEY v. HOB SON, 53 Me. 451, 89 Am. Dec. 705, Throckmorton, Cas. Contracts, 149; Wait v. Maxwell, 5 Pick. (Mass.) 217, 16 Am. Dec. 391; Gibson v. Soper, 6 Gray (Mass.) 279, 66 Am. Dec. 414; Arnold v. Iron Works, 1 Gray (Mass.) 434; Allis v. Billings, 6 Metc. (Mass.) 415, 39 Am. Dec. 744; Evans v. Horan, 52 Md. 602; Burnham v. Kidwell, 113 I11. 425; Eaton v. Eaton, 37 N. J. Law, 108, 18 Am. Rep. 716; Boyer v. Berryman, 123 Ind. 451, 24 N. E. 249; Breckenridge's Heirs v. Ormsby, 1 J. J. Marsh. (Ky.) 245, 19 Am. Dec. 71; Allen v. Berryhill, 27 Iowa, 534, 1 Am. Rep. 309; French Lumbering Co. v. Theriault, 107 Wis. 627, 83 N. W. 927, 51 L. R. A. 910, 81 Am. St. Rep. 856; Riley v. Carter, 76 Md. 5S1, 25 Atl. 667, 19 L. R. A. 4S9, and note, 35 Am. St Rep. 443. See "Insane Persons," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 61; Cent. Dig. §§ 93-99.

27 Eaton v. Eaton, 37 N. J. Law, 108, 18 Am. Rep. 716; Carrier v. Sears, 4 Allen (Mass.) 336, 81 Am. Dec. 707; Burnham v. Kidwell, 113 I11. 425; Ar-

28 See note 28 on following page.