In the absence of statute, the arbitrators must be appointed by the parties to the submission either in the submission itself or by their subsequent agreement.1 No formal method of appointment is necessary, however, in the absence of statute,2 and the conduct of the parties to the submission in acquiescing in the assumption of authority by an arbitrator.

9Burkland v. Johnson, 50 Neb. 858, 70 N. W. 388.

10 Franklin Mining Co. v. Pratt, 101 Mass. 350; Burkland v. Johnson, 50 Neb. 858, 70 N. W. 388.

11 Burkland v. Johnson, 50 Neb. 858, 70 N. W. 388.

1 See discussion in Shelton v. Alcox, 11 Conn. 240.

2 United States. Burchell v. Marsh, 58 U. S. (17 How.) 344, 15 L. ed. 90.

Florida. Florida Yacht Club v. Ren-froe, 67 Fla. 154. 64 So. 742.

Kansas. Swisher v. Dunn, 89 Kan. 412. 787, 45 L. R. A. (N.S.) 810, 813, 131 Pac. 571, 132 Par. 832.

Pennsylvania. Hunn v. Pennsylvania Inst, for Blind, 221 Pa. St. 403, 18 L. R. A. (N.S.) 1248, 70 Atl. 812.

Wisconsin. McCord v. Flynn, 111 Wis. 78, 86 N. W. 668.

3 Hunn v. Pennsylvania Inst, for Blind, 221 Pa. St. 403, 18 L. R. A. (N.S.) 1248, 70 Atl. 812.

4 Swisher v. Dunn, 89 Kan. 412, 787, 45 L. R. A. (N.S.) 810, 813, 131 Pac. 571, 132 Pac. 832.

1 An arbitration covenant can not be set up as a defense by one who has taken no steps thereunder to appoint arbitrators. Smith v. Alker, 102 N. Y. 87.

2 Greenville County v. Spartanburg County, 62 S. Car. 105, 40 S. E. 147.

waives objections as to his original appointment.3 If two arbitrators are chosen by the parties who are to select a third in case of their failure to agree, the arbitrators must give notice to the parties to the submission of their appointment of such third arbitrator or umpire.4