Unless the agreement of the parties shows a contrary intent or the statute which controls provides otherwise, the arbitrators must all act in person.1 They can not delegate their authority either to a third person or to one of their own number.2

All of the arbitrators must be given an opportunity to join in the deliberations;3 and they all must join unless the circumstances are such that an award may be rendered by a majority of the arbitrators and one of the arbitrators refuses absolutely to take part in the deliberations,4 or abandons his position of arbitrator because of his disagreement with the remaining arbitrators.5

8 Chicago, R. I. & P. Ry. Co. v. Union Pac. R Co, 204 Fed. 236.

9Hannevig v. Sutherland, 256 Fed. 445.

1 Johnson v. Noble, 13 N H. 286, 38 Am. Dec. 485.

2Nickalls v. Warren, 6 Q. B 615; Halstead v. Seaman, 82 N Y. 27, 37 Am. Rep 530; Canfield v. Watertown Fire Ins. Co, 55 Wis 419, 13 N. W. 252.

3 Chicago, R. I. & P. Ry. Co. v. Union Pac. R. Co., 254 Fed. 235.

1 Proctor v. Williams, 8 C. B. (N.S.) 386; David Harley Co. v. Bamefield, 22 R. I. 267, 47 Atl. 544.

2 Proctor v. Williams, 8 C. B. (N.S.) 386; David Harley Co. v. Bamefield, 22 R. I 267, 47 Atl. 544.

3 Beck v. Jackson, 1 C. B. (N.S.) 695; Doherty v. Doherty, 148 Mass. 367, 19 N. E. 352.

4 Doherty v. Doherty, 148 Mass. 367, 19 N. E. 352.

5Maynard v. Frederick, 61 Mass. (7 Cush.) 247; State v. Tucker, - N. D. - , 166 N. W. 820.