In Parliament, it is a breach of order for the Speaker to refuse to put a question which is in order.
In our State Legislature and in Congress, a majority of the whole number of members is necessary to form a quorum, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day. In the British House of Commons, forty members are sufficient to do business. Societies should always state in their by-laws, the number necessary to constitute a quorum.
When, from counting the meeting, on a division, it appears that there is not a quorum present, there is no decision, but the matter in question continues in the same state in which it was before the division; and when afterwards resumed, it must be taken up at the precise point.
When the President, from any cause, finds there is not a quorum present, business must be immediately suspended, and if a quorum is not speedily obtained, those present may adjourn.
* The by-laws of Societies usually provide that no member shall leave the meeting without permission of the President, and in many cases fines are imposed for a violation of the rule. Provision on this subject is necessary, in order to prevent a meeting from being left without a quorum.