The Conventional Flower Border. (See Supplement B, No. 46.) Using this, for repousse work as a circular border, simply chase lightly, with a fine chaser, and mat in the ground work. In raising, the ground should be worked up to an oval shape and the design worked up from the level. Keep the leaves flat and give the flowers just about a 1/16 inch relief.

The Thistle Design for a Tray. (See Supplement B, No. 44.) A simple example for a beginner in either repousse work or metal-chasing. For repousse proper the raising is very slight. The novice should first take a thin sheet of copper, carefully straighten and clean it with fine emery and oil, and then, after making an accurate tracing of the design, transfer it by means of carbon paper on to the metal. He may next scratch in the lines and mount the metal on a pitch block. For a traced effect only he may go over the lines with a fine tracer and cover the whole of the background with a punch or mat of some description. The raised effect will be gained if the tracing is more pronounced and the metal reversed, and suitable raising tools used to work down the metal between the traced lines until a suitable depth is reached. The metal is next reversed and again laid on the pitch, and any necessary working is now done on the surface. The ground may or may not be punched.

The edge should be bent by placing the metal face down-wards on a block of wood shaped to take the curves, and worked with the mallet until beaten to the proper angle. This gives a straight edge; the crinkled effect is gained by marking out equal spaces and beating the portion out with the sharp end of an ordinary hammer, on a block with a V shape cut in it.