Practical Test Questions

In the foregoing sections of this Cyclopedia numerous illustrative examples are worked out in detail in order to show the application of the various methods and principles. Accompanying these are examples for practice which will aid the reader in fixing the principles in mind.

In the following pages are given a large number of test questions and problems which afford a valuable means of testing the reader's knowledge of the subjects treated. They will be found excellent practice for those preparing for College, Civil Service, or Engineer's License. In some cases numerical answers are given as a further aid in this work.

Review Question's On The Subject Of Machine Design

The drawings made in accordance with the problems below should be traced in ink on tracing cloth 18 by 24 inches in size, and having a border line inch inside the edge of the paper.


1. Suppose a 30-inch pulley is substituted for the 42-inch in the problem given, and that the pulley on the motor remains 10 inches as before, how fast must the motor run to give the rope the same speed, 150 feet per minute?

2. Will the horse-power of the motor be changed with this new condition? Explain fully.

3. Calculate the width of double belt for above condition.

4. What is the torque on the motor shaft for above condition?

5. Calculate the size of shaft in the small pulley for above condition.

6. Calculate the size of shaft in the 30-inch pulley for above condition.

7. Design and draw both pulleys for above condition, mak-ing complete working drawings, and giving all calculations in full.

8. Taking the original problem as given in the text, suppose it is desired to increase the large gear to 45 inches diameter, calculate the load on the tooth, and a suitable pitch and face to take this load.

9. How many teeth must the pinion have to give the same speed of rope, 150 feet per minute, assuming that the motor runs 470 revolutions per minute, for condition in Problem 8?

10. Calculate the bore of pinion for this case.

11. Design and draw the gears for the conditions of Problems 8 and 9, giving all calculations in full.

12. When there is but 3,000 pounds on the rope, what are the tensions in each end of the brake strap, assuming that the size of drum and other conditions remain the same?

13. How much pressure on the foot lever would it take to hold this load of 3,000 pounds on the rope?

14. Suppose we put a bearing 9 inches long on the drum shaft; the distance, center to center of bearings, would then be 3 feet 8| inches, gears, drum, brake, and load being same as in the original problem of the text. Calculate the diameter of the drum shaft.

15. Suppose the height of bracket, center to base, to be 15 inches; length and diameter of bearing, as in Problem 14; and that we use a separate bracket for the drum bearings, not connected with the pinion-shaft bearings. Design and draw such a bracket.

16. Calculate, design, and draw all the parts for a machine similar to that of the text, from the following data:

Load on rope..................4,000 pounds.

Speed of rope..................175 feet per minute.

Length of rope to be reeled in ... . 250 feet.

Note. Problems 12, 13 and 15 are comparatively simple, following closely the steps of the text in their solution.

Problem 16, likewise, is supposed to bo worked out on the same lines as the text, but is wholly original in its nature, being based on entirely new data. It is not expected that this problem will be attempted except by well-advanced students who can give considerable time to working it out completely. It will be found, however, an excellent exercise in original and yet simple design.