A species of woven hangings of wool and silk, adorned with scenic representations in imitation of painting, and employed formerly for lining the walls of elegant apartments, churches, etc. The French ascribe the invention to the Saracens; and hence the workmen employed in it were called Sarazins. Guicciardini ascribes it to the Dutch. A manufactory was established at Paris, by Henry IV. in 1606 or 1607, which was conducted by Flemish artists. It was brought to England by Wm. Sheldon, in the reign of Henry VIII.; and in 1619 a manufacture was established at Mortlake, in Surrey, by Sir Francis Crane, who received 2000l. from King James to encourage the design. The manufactory of the Gobelins in France became the most celebrated for the beauty of the colouring, and the elegance of design; the first-rate painters being employed to furnish subjects.