This section is from the book "Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual For Handicraftsmen And Amateurs", by Edward Spon. Also available from Amazon: Spons' Mechanics' Own Book.
For mattresses stuffed with hair or wool, the ticks are cut with a fulness of 3/4 in. per ft. larger than the bedstead; no allowance for binding is made in the borders, which are cut 4 1/2 in. deep. The amount of stuffing required is computed at the rate of 9 or 10 lb. per ft. in width, assuming the hair or wool to be of fairly good quality; the tufting is done with a diamond of 10 to 12 in., some 6 in. from the edge.