Netting on to a row of loops is done with much greater facility than netting on a foundation cord,,and should be practised by the learner in the first instance, if he can obtain a teacher to net a few rows for him to begin upon; the first loop on a foundation is more troublesome than those following, as the foundation cord is not kept close up to the mesh peg.



In looking at the loops made in netting, it will be found that they are united by wearers' or bend knots, as shown in Fig. 346 K, the bend being formed by the loop that is taken up, and the cord 6 being that attached to the needle. It follows that if b is pulled tight, it bites securely upon a, and renders the knot firm and difficult to unpick.

In 1845 Every described a different method of holding the mesh peg, which he terms the spool, by which he claimed to gain a considerable increase in speed. He says there is nothing which tends so much to swiftness in netting as a proper and loose or easy way of holding the mesh peg; this will be best understood by an examination of Fig. 347 L, which gives the true position of the fingers at the commencement of the stitch: it is a method not generally known, but by far the best, giving such perfect freedom to the hand, and so open a space for the needle to pass through.

It is convenient to hold the mesh peg at an angle of forty-five degrees; indeed, that is the natural position when the fingers are properly placed. It will be evident, upon an inspection of the figure, that the thumb and first finger hold the mesh peg, leaving the three remaining fingers perfectly at liberty to stretch out and hold up the next mesh or loop to be taken, besides drawing back to free themselves from the string, at the proper moment during the operation of forming the knot.

Speed has been increased 300-400 knots per hour by adopting this method of holding the mesh peg. In netting with fine string upon a peg about 1 in. wide, which is the most favourable size for speed, one can average about 1300 knots per hour: the greatest number that can be effected in the above time being 1750, all circumstances of course favourable.

In the common method of holding the mesh peg, it is inconvenient to pass the needle between the mesh peg and forefinger, where there cannot be any open space to admit of the needle being thrown through, as it should be; in addition to this, there is another disadvantage, namely, the cramped state of the other fingers, .which cannot free themselves properly from the string at the time when it is being drawn up for the knot.

As to the method of making the knot: The mesh peg being in its place, with the forefinger turned behind it, under the netting, and the needle in the right hand, with the string stretched out, the first part of the operation is to pass the needle round the end of the mesh peg to the right, laying the string over the second and third fingers, then taking it forward and catching it under the end of the thumb, where it is held whilst the needle passes back again, throwing the string forward on the net already made, at which instant the left hand should be turned with the knuckles downwards, and the two fingers having string upon them should be stretched forward under the mesh about to be taken; in this position there is an open passage for the needle, which has passed round, and is thrown through, being caught on the other side; as it passes through, the string gets on the little finger, and the other two may be withdrawn at once; therefore, on the needle being snatched back, one pull ties the knot, without any sawing or trouble, which always occurs to some extent in the common method.

The movement here described cannot be properly effected unless the netting is laid over a table, or something by which it is held up on a level with the hand, a position much more favourable for speed than when the net hangs down.

Reid says that Every's method is a well-known mode of holding the peg, and one which comes quite naturally to learners, but in the first lessons to his workers it is especially avoided, as it is considered the very worst form of holding the mesh peg. The importance of this to a worker is very great, as, should the habit be contracted, the value of the work would be diminished 50 per cent., both in speed and quality of work, and any worker would be discharged if found using her tools in this manner.

In a correspondence which took place in The Field some years since, F. Allies stated that, with an inch spool and patent thread, a quick netter ought to more than doable the rate of speed claimed by Every, and net at the rate of 3600 loops per hoar. (T.)

Netting Part 3 500243

(2) The instruments for netting consist of a needle a, and a mesh 6 (Fig. 346 M). From 8 in. to 10 in. is a good length for the needle, while the mesh stick must vary according to size of net. A mesh stick will make a mesh twice its own size. Thus, a stick 1/2 in. square will make a 1 in. mesh. To fill the needle, pass the string around the tine, or inside point, round the heel of the needle, then up round the tine agaiu, until the needle is full. Fasten the end of the string to a hook and tie a loop in it N. Lay the mesh stick underneath the string, and pass the needle up through the loop 0 (346). Pull it tight, so that the end of the loop rests against the mesh stick P (347). Now comes the important part - the formation of the knot. Hold the mesh stick in your left hand with the thumb on the string, and with the needle in the right hand; now with a qui ok jerk throw the bight or loop of the string over the stick and left wrist, as shown in R. Push the point of the needle up between the first loop made and the string to the left of it, pull the needle through, and bring the knot into shape S, then tighten by pulling the needle in the direction of the dotted lines, and the knot is tied.